Jasper Johns. Three flags, (1958) in varied publications, exhibitions

Meet the lady behind the painting. Her name is Emily. Plus a list of exhibitions and selected publications regarding Three flags.

R.J. Preece (ADP)
Art Design Publicity at ADC | Tremaine Collection / Miller Co. art & design
15 March 2019 | Updated 26 October 2021
Jasper Johns
Three flags, (1958)
Encaustic on canvas
30 7/8 x 45 1/2 x 5 in. (78.4 x 115.6 x 12.7 cm)


KNOWN PROVENANCE
Tremaine Collection, 1959-1980
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, 1980-present

Jasper Johns’s Three flags has been in the collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York in 1980. (Click the link to see a photo of the artwork; the former official location of the artwork was "Mr. & Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT".)



MEET THE LADY BEHIND JASPER JOHNS’S THREE FLAGS
Emily Hall Tremaine, the American flag and "one million dollars" X 2

by Robert Preece

Emily & Three Flags | A Boy for Meg | Marilyn Diptych | Victory Boogie Woogie

Emily & Sensation | Hirst’s £50m diamond skull | Emin’s My Bed


Emily Hall Tremaine diamonds

Wire service photo of Emily Spreckels (later Tremaine) reportedly wearing one million in diamonds and stealing the press at the Beaux Arts Ball in New York, signalling her move up the society ladder. (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 30 January 1940, p. 22.) Understood as partly a piss-take, it also understood that the diamonds were borrowed, presumably rented, for event and media / communications purposes. Forty years later, "one million dollars" and Emily were reported nationally again, but this time as an art collector selling Jasper Johns’s Three flags to the Whitney Museum of American Art. This time, the artwork replaced her photo accompanying the extensive media coverage.

"Jasper Johns’s groundbreaking work sent shock waves through the art world when it was first shown in the late 1950s...," states the exhibition webpage for Jasper Johns’s retrospective for 2021-22. However, another shock, very little known, concerns the first owner of the artwork, Emily Hall Tremaine (1908-87), and her background related to the iconic artwork, in relation to the American flag in 1940, and the price for which she and Burton Tremaine sold Three flags to the Whitney in 1980.

The sale price of "one million dollars" was certainly primed for wire service report headlines in 1980 for maximum and deep national media penetration, was clearly recognized as such, and reappeared from Emily’s media data bank from 40 years earlier. (See photo and caption, this media / event was reported in several newspapers, partly via wire service articles and photos distributed nationally.) The focus on price in resultant media coverage also is one of many media / communications predecessors of the reported sale of Damien Hirst’s diamond skull in 2007 commanding global headlines via multi-lingual wires service reports.

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But given limited, factual contextual information one wonders how deeply aware Emily was of details in her history in 1980, also taking into account her very busy multi-country and location life over four decades. Additionally it seems unclear to what extent she was involved in setting the $1m price in 1980, or if she could practically change it. These details to date have not been fully explored and been put forth, to nail down her intention. Emily appears at times off her game by the early 1970s, so assumptions of intent at this juncture are hazy and cannot be made.

It’s also important to note that, according to a 1991 article in the New York Times, it’s not that they "ran off" with the money (Rief: 7 June 1991, see entry below). Instead it was reported that the money from the sale was "donated to Planned Parenthood, one of their favorite charities..."

Forty years earlier

It was back in 1940 that Emily, around the age of 32, in what would be considered among the most stressful of times in one’s life for many, during a nasty, high-profile and arguably very dangerous divorce fight in Santa Barbara, that Emily passionately declared her loyalty, in deposition, to the American flag. I was struck by it within the layered, dangerous chaos and uncertainty; I presumably am the first to have read her deposition over many decades, that she and her lawyer presumably included for the historical record.

I wonder what is must have been like later in the 1950s to see Johns’s flag artworks. I wonder about her mix of thoughts, about art and life, when selecting Three flags and a White flag for her collection and interiors, viewing the works frequently later. Three flags and the White flag, smaller than the one now at New York’s Metropolitan Museum, become part of her life. Johns made these works, and she lived with them. I wonder what thoughts and memories the works generated. I wonder what it was like realizing the artworks’ growing historical significance, considering its haziness and difference to the literal flag, and also her own life experience in relation to the symbol. (After her passing, in 1988, White flag sold at auction for USD$7m at the first Tremaine Collection auction, selected works, which yes, was also reported by wire services. Louise Lawler also featured the White flag in photoworks, from the bedroom to the auction room.)

I encourage others, with a certain amount of empathy, to imagine her journey with the American flag. Get a copy of the 1940-41 Santa Barbara divorce court record and learn a little about her mystery and dangerous context, and consider the life-long effects. See her mention the American flag. (The facts are not all in, but I suspect it was good Americans and US military intelligence that helped her in c. 1938-40 in her time of need.) Fast-forward into the later 1950s to her seeing the artworks. Imagine living with Three flags and White flag. See Baro’s 1969 Vogue article showing the works, among others, in her interiors, with Three flags right above the couch in her living room in Connecticut. Imagine the conversations with the painting right there. White flag is also shown in her New York bedroom, right above her bed. Imagine the 1980 sale, the media coverage, and letting the artwork go at about age 72 after a long life already, when only she seemed to have known exactly what happened back around 1940, that fading memory, in its layered complexity.

"... I will never forget a sub-zero morning in Connecticut when [Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine] showed a couple of guests part of their collection stored in a converted but unheated barn... their breath coming in frozen plumes, they seemed entirely in their element— a couple of pioneers. While we blew on our stiffening fingers, they told us how this and that work had been found and decided upon.

They were so forceful that, even in our congealing state, we relived moments of pure exuberance..." — Gene Baro. (15 February 1969). Decisive art collection. Vogue. (See details in compilation below.)

— R. J. Preece, artdesigncafe.com, Contributing Editor, Sculpture magazine; 14 September 2021.



Above, ABC7 Los Angeles news report of Jasper Johns exhibition in 2018 at The Broad featuring Johns’s Three flags.



A. Jasper Johns’s Three flags in exhibitions


Material status: = online
= link to more info
= completely offline


1960s

1963-64 - traveling exhibition, eight venues

(8 venues: 1963-64). Six painters and the object at the Guggenheim Museum, New York (14 March - 2 June 1963); Los Angeles County Museum of Art (24 July - 20 August 1963); Minneapolis Institute of Art (3 - 29 September 1964); University of Michigan Museum of Art (9 October - 3 November 1963); Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA (18 November - 29 December 1963); (unknown venue), Pittsburgh (17 January - 23 February 1964); Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Ohio (8 March - 5 April 1964); Art Center in La Jolla, California (20 April - 17 May 1964).

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958). (At this juncture, only the Guggenheim Museum is confirmed to have exhibited the artwork.)

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1964 - American Pavilion, Venice Biennial

(20 June - 18 October 1964). XXXII Biennale Internationale d’Arte di Venezia, American Pavilion, Venice, Italy.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1965 - Pasadena Art Museum

(26 January - 28 February 1965). Jasper Johns at the Pasadena Art Museum (now the Norton Simon Museum).

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1965 - Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts

(18 February - 4 April 1965). The New American Realism at the Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1965 - travelling exhibition, two venues

(2 venues: 1965). 20th century painting and sculpture: An exhibition selected from private collections in Connecticut at the Washington Gallery of Modern Art, Washington, DC (17 September - 24 October 1965); Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT (28 October - 5 December 1965).

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1967 - São Paulo Biennial

(1967, specific dates unknown). IX Bienal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1969 - Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

(18 October 1969 - 1 February 1970). New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.


1970s

1974 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(6 April - 16 June 1974). American Pop Art at Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1977-78 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(17 October 1977 - 22 January 1978). Jasper Johns at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. [This exhibition later travelled to Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany; Pompidou Centre, Paris; Hayward Gallery, London; Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (all venues in 1978)].

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958), (at this juncture, only New York venue confirmed).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.


1980s

1980 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(14 - 19 October 1980). Jasper Johns: Three flags at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1981 - c. 1982 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(28 October 1981 - c. 1982). 20th century American Art: Highlights of the permanent collection at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1985 - c. 1986 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(31 December 1985 - c. 1986). Permanent collection highlights at the the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1986 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(18 September - 30 November 1986). Major acquisitions since 1980: Selected paintings and sculpture at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

1989 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(28 July - 15 October 1989). Art in place: Fifteen years of acquisitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1989-91 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(November 1989 - 30 January 1991). [Highlights] at Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).


1990s

1991-92 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(11 July 1991 - 5 January 1992). American life in American art: Selections from the permanent collection at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1992 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(21 May - 5 July 1992). Recent acquisitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1994-95 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(14 July 1994 - 26 February 1995). From the collection: Photography, sculpture and painting at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1995 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(28 June - 1 October 1995). Views from abroad (Stedelijk) at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1995-97 - San Jose Museum of Art

(2 December 1995 - 2 February 1997). American art, 1940 - 1965: Traditionals reconsidered at the San Jose Museum of Art, California.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1996-97 - travelling exhibition, three venues

(3 venues: 1996-97). Jasper Johns at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (16 October 1996 - 14 January 1997); Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany (7 March - 1 June 1997); and Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (28 June - 17 August 1997).

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

1999-2000 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(26 September 1999 - 13 February 2000). The American century: Art and culture 1900-2000 (Part II) at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.


2000s

2000-02 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(7 December 2000 - 10 February 2002). Highlights from the permanent collection: From Pollock to today at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

2002 - Palazzo Reale, Milan

(20 March - 15 September 2002). New York Renaissance: Masterworks from the Whitney Museum of American Art at Palazzo Reale, Milan, Italy.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

2002-03 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(10 October 2002 - 2 March 2003). De Kooning to today: Highlights from the permanent collection at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

2004 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(1 July - 24 October 2004). Pop / Concept: Highlights from the permanent collection at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

2006 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(29 June - 15 October 2006). Full house: Views of the Whitney’s Collection at 75 at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

2008-10 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(30 January 2008 - 3 January 2010). The Whitney’s collection at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).


2010s

2010 - Pace Gallery, New York

(17 September - 23 October 2010). 50 years at Pace at Pace Gallery, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

2010-12 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(16 December 2010 - 5 August 2012). Singular visions at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

2013-14 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(c. 16 December 2013 - 29 June 2014). American legends: From Calder to O’Keeffe at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

2014 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(17 July - 19 October 2014). Shaping a collection: Five decades of gifts at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

2015 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(1 May - 27 September 2015). America is hard to see at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

2017-18 - Whitney Museum of American Art

(28 April 2017 - 15 January 2018). Where we are: Selections from the Whitney’s Collection, 1900-1960 at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958).

2018 - The Broad, Los Angeles

(10 February - 13 May 2018). Jasper Johns: "Something resembling truth" at The Broad, Los Angeles.

> Exhibition included Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958). (It is understood that Three flags was not in the prior exhibition at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, of this travelling show.)

  • See publications section below for related documentation.

2019-21 - Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

(28 June 2019 - May 2022). The Whitney’s Collection: Selections from 1900 to 1965. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

> Exhibited Jasper Johns’s Three flags [presumably on view until c. September 2021 until start of later Johns’ retrospective].

  • See publications section below for related documentation.


2020s

2021-22 - Retrospective: Whitney Museum of American Art, New York and the Philadelphia Museum of Art

(29 September 2021 - 13 February 2022). Jasper Johns: Mind / Mirror (retrospective) at Whitney Museum of American Art, New York and the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

> Exhibition including Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958). (At Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.)

  • See publications section below for related documentation.


The exhibition listing compiled above should largely be considered "leads" for confirmation and not necessarily "facts".



B. Jasper Johns’s Three flags in publications and related documentation


It is essential to note: while the academic debate can focus on Three flags showing flags but it is showing something different ("These are not flags"; Kleiner & Mamiya, 2013, see entry below), this differs when closely looking at the artwork’s non-art world usage as a visual in media. The artwork has been used for example on covers of American history and politics books, perhaps to project "America", "American", "patriotism" but with something else or suggesting a greater complexity. These sources usually don’t discuss the artwork in their books or articles; Three flags is just used as a visual.

.


1950s

Various newspapers, magazines and other sources

(1958 -). Various newspapers, magazines and other sources - search engines.


1960s

1963 - exhibition brochure with checklist - Three flags in Guggenheim Museum exhibition

Alloway, Lawrence. (1963). Six painters and the object exhibition brochure with checklist [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and listing as lent artwork]. [D. Horowitz, Curatorial Assistant, Guggenheim Museum confirms this list is exactly the same as the offline checklist for the Guggenheim viewing.] (9 February 2018; viewed 13 September 2021; K00107-08).


1963 articles

See the articles


1963 - photo in article - Three flags in Guggenheim Museum, New York exhibition

Preston, Stuart. (21 March 1963). On display: All-out series of Pop art; ’Six painter and the object’ exhibited at Guggenheim [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. New York Times (Western edition), p. 8. (Viewed 16 August 2021. K01208).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1963 - article mention - Three flags in Guggenheim Museum, New York exhibition

(1 April 1963). Pop goes the easel [with mention of Jasper Johns’s "triple American flag" and Guggenheim Museum show]. Newsweek, p. 80. (Viewed 16 August 2021. K01209-10).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.



1964 - article mention, photo - Three flags in Venice Biennial

Ronnen, Meir. (20 September 1964). Biennale of junk art [on Venice Biennial, American Pavilion, exhibited artwork; with mention of Johns and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Jerusalem Post (Israel), p. 7, (illustrated). (Viewed 16 August 2021. K01212).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1965 - exhibition checklist - Three flags in Pasadena Art Museum exhibition

(1965). Exhibition checklist for Jasper Johns exhibition. ["Three flags; 1958; Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, Connecticut".] Pasadena Art Museum (now the Norton Simon Museum). (Viewed 8 September 2021. AAA00414.)

  • Offline - Pasadena Art Museum exhibition archive.

1965 - exhibition checklist - Three flags in Worcester Art Museum show

(1965). Exhibition checklist for The New American Realism. ["... Jasper Johns; Three flags (1958)... Lent by Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, Connecticut..."]. Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts. (Viewed 8 September 2021. K00227; K00263.)

  • Offline - Worcester Art Museum archive.


1965 articles

See the articles


1965 - article mention - Three flags in Worcester Art Museum show

Krieger, R. E. (18 February 1965). Pop art exhibition makes debut [with brief name mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags as one of the artworks on view]. Gazette (Worcester, MA). (Viewed 8 September 2021. K00227; K00263.)

  • Offline - see worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1965 - article mention, photo - Three flags in Washington Gallery of Modern Art exhibition

Hudson, Andrew. (26 September 1965). The show’s simply too large for the gallery [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of exhibition at the former Washington Gallery of Modern Art, Washington, DC]. Washington Post, G9. (Viewed 31 August 2021. K01211).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.



1967 - book review mention

Gruen, John. (10 December 1967). Down the mainstream [book review of American art since 1900: A critical history by Barbara Rose; with mention of photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Chicago Tribune, pp. O14-15. (Viewed 31 August 2021. K01315-16).

"... As for the illustrations— the book jacket with its dazzling Jasper Johns ’Three flags’ promises well, until one turns to the book itself only to find dead and coloristically distorted color plates ..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1967 - book mention, photo on cover

Rose, Barbara. (1967). American art since 1900, (second printing, 1968; photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags; mentions: pp. 217-18 & back cover). Praeger: New York. (Updated 31 August 2021. K00917-20).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1969 - exhibition catalogue and checklist - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Geldzahler, Henry. (1969). Regarding Jasper Johns’s Three flags, [pp. 48; 185 (photo of artwork). In New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970. New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc. (Viewed 8 September 2021. AAA00569; AAA00943-46; Q00303).

  • Online - exhibition catalogue - archive.org. (Email-based registration required.)
  • Offline - exhibition checklist - Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition archive. (#131. Jasper Johns - Three flags... Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, Connecticut.)

1969 - spotlighted photo in article - Three flags in Tremaine interior

Baro, Gene. (15 February 1969). Decisive art collection [on the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine art collection with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags; according to the photo caption, in Tremaine Connecticut interior, in the living room, above the sofa; see excerpted quote in essay regarding Emily Hall Tremaine above on this webpage]. Vogue, pp. 132-41, 150, 152. (Updated 14 September 2021. K01215-16).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.


1969 articles

See the articles


1969 - article mention, photo - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Kritzwiser, Kay. (25 October 1969). At the galleries: Critics clobber N.Y. Met’s modern [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art]. Globe and Mail (Toronto), p. 26. (Viewed 31 August 2021. AAA00818).

  • Offline - search worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1969 - article mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor). (1 November 1969). Exhibit of mid-century painting, sculpture opens Metropolitan’s centennial celebration [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. The Mercury (Pottstown, PA), presumably p. 13. (Viewed 10 August 2021. Q00001).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area library.

1969 - news mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

New York (AP). (9 November 1969). Art show demonstrates dominant force [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. The New Mexican (Santa Fe), p. C3. (Viewed 13 August 2021. Q00002).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area library.

1969 - article mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor) (New York). (9 November 1969). N. Y. art school’s dominance keys the Metropolitan show [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. Sunday Home News (New Brunswick, NJ), p. A-11. (Updated 17 August 2021. K01204).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area library.

1969 - article mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor) (New York - AP). (9 November 1969). "New York School of Art" shapes Metropolitan Museum’s big opener [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. The Robesonian (Lumberton, NC), p. 10A. (Viewed 17 August 2021. Q00003).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area library.

1969 - article mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor) (New York - AP). (9 November 1969). Show reviews New York dominance [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. Austin American-Statesman (Texas), p. T20. (Updated 17 August 2021. K01205).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area library.

1969 - news mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor) (New York). (20 November 1969). N. Y. painting and sculpture: 1940-’70 [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. Times-Leader / The Evening News (Wilkes-Barre, PA), p. 4. (Viewed 13 August 2021. Q00004).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area library.

1969 - article mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor) (New York - AP). (21 November 1969). Abstract art heavy in major Met show [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. Olean Times Herald (Olean, New York), p. 17. (Viewed 17 August 2021. AAA00567).

1969 - news mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor) (New York - AP). (27 November 1969). N. Y. art school in retrospect [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. The Times (San Mateo), p. 52. (Viewed 14 August 2021. Q00005).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area library.

1969 - article mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (19 December 1969). N. Y. Painting and Sculpture: 1940-1970 [referring to Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York exhibition; with mention: "In the Pop Art Crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. The Saratogian (Saratoga Springs, NY); Saratoga Scene supplemental magazine, p. 2. (Viewed 18 August 2021. Q00103).

1969 - news mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor) (New York - AP). (20 December 1969). 43 artists seen in giant exhibit [referring to "New York painting and sculpture: 1940-1970" exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; with mention: "In The Pop Art crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. The Ogden Standard-Examiner (Ogden, UT), presumably p. 17. (Viewed 14 August 2021. Q00006).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area library.



1970s

1970 articles

See the articles


1970 - article mention - Three flags in Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

Smith, Miles A. (AP Arts Editor) (New York - AP). (16 March 1970). Metropolitan exhibit: N. Y. Painting and Sculpture: 1940-1970 [referring to Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York exhibition; with mention: "In the Pop Art Crowd Jasper Johns’ paintings, drawings and collages— including many of his ’flag’ themes..."]. Cortland Standard (Cortland, New York), p. 20. (Viewed 18 August 2021. Q00104).

1970 - article, with photo

Andreae, Christopher. (27 April 1970). Americans [essay about Jasper Johns’s Three flags, with accompanying poem by Godfrey John]. Christian Science Monitor, p. 12, (illustrated). (Viewed 21 August 2021. K01317).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.



1971 articles

See the articles


1971 - article mention, photo

Richard, Paul. (1 September 1971). Moving into the 20th century [article about the National Gallery of Art, and discussions about acquisition of Tremaine Collection] [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Washington Post, Style section, pp. D1 (illustrated), D8. (Viewed 21 August 2021. K01206-07)

"... ’Three flags’, 1958, by Jasper Johns is in Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine’s collection, which may be acquired by the National Gallery... [The artwork was later sold to the Whitney Museum of American Art.]" (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1971 - photo in article

Lukacs, John. (5 December 1971). America may be in its last phase of adolescence [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags; article is not about art but politics and society largely in the US, the author a refugee of Communism]. New York Times Magazine, pp. 48, 51 (photo), 53-54, 56, 58, 60. (Viewed 19 August 2021. K01191).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.



1974 - exhibition catalogue with checklist - Three flags in Whitney Museum of American Art show

Alloway, Laurence. (1974). American Pop Art exhibition catalogue, [xi (in exhibition checklist), p. 66, third photo page after p. 66 (photo of Three flags), 69]. 146 pp. Collier Books: New York. (Viewed 23 August 2021. K00258; Q00180).

1975 - photo in article

Garigner, Joanna M. (18 August 1975). Interviews... with the people in the Bicentennial year [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags to accompany article; Johns not interviewed]. Christian Science Monitor, pp. 24-5. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01195).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1975 - photo on book cover

Marcus, Robert D. (1975). A brief history of the United States since 1945 [with partial view of Jasper Johns’s Three flags on book cover; book not focused on art]. St. Martins Press: New York. (Viewed 31 August 2021. K00990-92).

1976 - book mention, photo

Besset, Maurice. (1976). Art of the Twentieth century [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three Flags], (pp. 166, pl. 183; 186). Universe Books: New York. (Viewed 17 August 2021. K01035-40).

1977 - brochure with exhibition checklist - Three flags in Whitney Museum of American Art show

(1977). Jasper Johns brochure with exhibition checklist ["28. Three flags. 1958. Encaustic on canvas, 78.4 x 115.6 cm.... Private collection"]. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. (Viewed 14 September 2021. K00250; K00657-59.)

1977 - book mention, photo

Tighe, Mary Ann and Lang, Elizabeth E. (1977). Art America [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags], (p. 293, fig. 214). McGraw-Hill: New York. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01118-21).

"... Taking images that are instantly and universally recognizable, like flags, targets, maps, numbers and letters, Johns proceeded to manipulate them, draining the symbols of their meaning by focusing on their formal qualities of color, shape, and design... Using the technique of encaustic, in which the pigment is suspended in melted wax, Johns created thick, varied textures for designs that normally appear flat... By altering items that are so familiar to be visual clichés, Johns created fresh and interesting imagery..." (Excerpt from above.)



1980s

1980 - spotlighted article - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to be on view at Whitney Museum

Glueck, Grace. (27 September 1980). Painting by Jasper Johns sold for million, a record [with photos of Three flags, the artist and published purchase invoice (1959 USD$900, [c/o] Miller Company, Meriden, CT); mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. New York Times, pp. 1, 12. (Viewed 29 August 2021. K01163-64).

"... [Tom Armstrong, director of the Whitney] said, ’Three flags’ would be exhibited temporarily in the museum’s lobby gallery Oct. 14-19 and would go on permanent view in a new installation of the permanent collection next year... " (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.


1980 articles

See the articles


1980 - news brief - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

AP (New York). (27 September 1980). Johns’ painting sold for $1 million [re. Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; no photo]. Washington Post, p. A8. (Viewed 29 August 2021. K01167).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - photo / caption - Three flags sold for USD$1 million

(AP Laserphoto). (27 September 1980). Photo caption: "Sold for a million... " [with photo and mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags; mention of Whitney Museum of American Art]. The Gettysburg Times (Gettysburg, PA), p. 2. (Viewed 30 August 2021. Q00093).

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1980 - article mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

(New York). (27 September 1980). Whitney Museum pays $1 million for Johns painting [Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. The Morning Call (Allentown, PA), p. 66. (Viewed 30 August 2021. K01165).

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1980 - news brief - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Possible wire service. (27 September 1980). Museum pays $1 million for painting [Jasper Johns’s Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. Atlanta Constitution, p. 3B. (Viewed 30 August 2021. K01318).

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1980 - photo / caption - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

AP Laserphoto. (28 September 1980). Photo / caption: $1 million for living artist’s work (Caption: "The Whitney Museum of American Art in New York has paid $1 million for a painting by Jasper Johns. The work, ’Three flags’ ... was sold... [by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]... "). Chicago Tribune, p. 2. (Viewed 2 September 2021. Q00235).

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1980 - feature article, photo - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Associated Press (New York). (28 September 1980). $1 million for living painter’s work [Jasper Johns’s Three flags, sold by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; with photo of artwork]. Philadelphia Inquirer, p. 26-A. (Viewed 1 September 2021. Q00233).

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1980 - article mention, photo - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton & Emily Hall Tremaine

Krieger, R. E. (28 September 1980). People in the news [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine, regarding sale of artwork to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, for USD$1 million]. Hartford Courant, p. A2. (K01166).

  • See worldcat.org for possible locations, or contact area public library.

1980 - news brief - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

(NYTS, New York, Sept. 27). (28 September 1980). Record price [for Jasper Johns’s Three flags by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), p. 5. (Viewed 1 September 2021. Q00232).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - feature article - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

(29 September 1980). $1-million art sale amuses the artist [Jasper Johns re. Three flags sale by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. The Morning Call (Allentown, PA), p. A14. (Viewed 31 August 2021. K01171).

"... The Tremaines have a collection The [New York] Times says ’is known as one of the outstanding holdings of contemporary art in the United States’... The Times quoted [Johns] as saying he felt ’nothing other than amusement’ about the selling price..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - news brief - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

UPI (New York). (29 September 1980). Johns work sold for $1 million [Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. Los Angeles Times, part VI, p. 5. (Viewed 30 August 2021. K01170).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - feature article - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Wilson, William. (1 October 1980). Record art sale poses question [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags sold by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine to the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. Los Angeles Times, pp. I1 (illustrated), I4. (Viewed 31 August 2021. K01172).

"If a Jasper Johns painting can sell for $1 million, what will it cost museums to build collections of quality contemporary art? ..." (Excerpt from above.)


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1980 - article (quiz) mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

(4 October 1980). Saturday news quiz; Answers to quiz [with mention of Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]. New York Times, pp. 21, 39. (Viewed 2 September 2021. Q00230; Q00236).

"Questions are based on news reports in the Times in the last week... [Question:] 19. Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine of Meriden, Conn. sold ’Three flags’ for $1 million. What is ’Three flags’?" ... [Answer:] ’The Whitney Museum of American Art purchased ’Three flags’, the Jasper Johns painting considered a precursor of the Pop Art movement." (Excerpt from above.)


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1980 - op-ed - Three flags sold for USD$1 million

(4 October 1980). Our view: There is no price on achievement [with mention of Jasper Johns, area resident, and Three flags sold to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. Journal-News (Nyack, New York), p. 8A. (Viewed 1 September 2021. Q00231).

"... We celebrate his accomplishment and admire his mind and heart." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.



1981 - exhibition brochure, cover - Three flags in Highlights show at Whitney Museum of American Art

(1981). Brochure: 20th century American art: Highlights of the permanent collection [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags on brochure cover and entry on p. 8]. Whitney Museum of American Art. (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00304).

"... the application of painterly richness of surface to a commonplace American icon signalled the transition from Abstract Expressionism to Pop Art ..." (Excerpt from above.)



1981 articles

See the articles


1981 - article mention

Saltzman, Cynthia. (31 July 1981). Meet Arnold Glimcher, who links the worlds of art and commerce [with mention of Jasper John’s Three flags]. Wall Street Journal, pp. 1, 8. (Updated 16 August 2021. K01213).

"The Whitney Museum of American Art paid $1 million last September to acquire ’Three flags’, Jasper Johns’s lush pop-art painting of the Stars and Stripes... The man who represented the painting’s owners in the sale... was Arnold Glimcher, the president and owner of the Pace Gallery in New York...

The owners of ’Three flags’, Connecticut industrialist Burton Tremaine and his wife, originally purchased the painting for $900 in 1959 from Leo Castelli, the artist’s dealer..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1981 - article mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Webb, Charles. (18 October 1981). Some other things worth saving [with brief mention: ".. In 1959, a Connecticut couple bought Jasper Johns’ ’Three flags’ for $900 and sold it for $1 million in 1980... "]. Courier Express (Buffalo, New York) (presumably Parade magazine supplement), p. 18. (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00305).

1981 - article mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Webb, Charles. (18 October 1981). Some other things worth saving [with brief mention: ".. In 1959, a Connecticut couple bought Jasper Johns’ ’Three flags’ for $900 and sold it for $1 million in 1980... "]. San Bernardino Sun (presumably Sunday Parade magazine supplement) (San Bernardino, CA), p. 20. (Viewed 1 September 2021. Q00094).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.



1981 - book mention, photo

Janson, H. W. with Cauman, Samuel. (1981). A basic history of art [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags], (pp. 369-70, illustrated, pl. 336), (2nd ed., revised by Anthony F. Janson). Abrams: New York. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K00867-70).

"... There is movement of another sort [in Three flags]: the reds, whites, and blues are not areas of solid color but subtly modulated..." (Excerpt from above.)


1986 - book accompanying exhibition, photo on cover - Three flags in Whitney Museum show

(1986). Painting & sculpture acquisitions 1973-1986 ["book accompanies the exhibition ’Major acquisitions since 1980: Selected paintings and sculpture’... September 18 - November 1986"] [with Jasper Johns Three flags entry and two photos], p. 51 and cover. Whiteney Museum of American Art, New York. (Viewed 14 September 2021. Q00361).


1987 mentions in books

See the books


1987 - book mention, photo

Janson, H. W. & Janson, Anthony F. (1987). History of art for young people, 3rd edition, revised and expanded [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags], [pp. 395-96 (photo of artwork), pl. 419]. Abrams: New York. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K00812-14).

1987 - book mention, photo - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine (1980)

Kurtz, Bruce D. (1987). Visual imagination: An introduction to art [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, sold in 1980 by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine for $1 million to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York], [p. 54 (photo of artwork), fig. 3-30]. Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01153-55; K01157).



1987 - article mention - Emily passes away

(Presumably AP). (18 December 1987). Passings... Emily Hall Tremaine, Modern art collector ["... one of the nation’s leading collectors of modern art... "; with mention: "In 1980 the Tremaines were in the news nationally when they sold the Jasper Johns painting ’Three flags’ to the Whitney Museum for $1 million..."]. Los Angeles Times, p. 34. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00251).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article mention - Emily Hall Tremaine away

Robinson, Walter. (February 1988). Obituaries [with mention of Emily Hall Tremaine and Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Art in America, p. 174. (Viewed 7 October 2021. Q00645).

"... Emily Hall Tremaine, 79, ar[t pa]tron who with her husband, Bu[rton,] was a pioneering collector of con[tem]porary American and European a[rt. In] 1980 the Tremaines made front-[page] news when they sold Jasper Jo[hns’] Three Flags to the Whitney Mu[seum] for $1 million; they had purchase[d the] painting for $900 in 1959..." (Excerpt from above.)



1990s

1991 mentions in books

See the books


1991 - book mention, photo

Janson, H. W. (1991). History of art [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags], (4th ed., revised and expanded by Anthony F. Janson), p. 749-50 (photo of artwork). Abrams: New York. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01284-87).

1991 - photo in book

Tamplin, Ronald (Ed.). (1991). The arts: A history of expression in the 20th century [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and caption], [p. 141 (photo of artwork)]. Oxford University Press: New York. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01045-51).



1991 - obituary - Burton Tremaine passes away

Fowler, Glenn. (27 March 1991). Burton G. Tremaine, executive, 89, dies; a collector of art [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. New York Times. (Viewed 24 February 2019. K00048).

"... Mr. Tremaine and his wife, Emily Hall Tremaine, began collecting art [in 1944]. By the early 1980’s the Tremaine collection had grown to more than 400 works by Europeans and American artists... In 1980, the Tremaines sold ’Three flags’, an early painting by Jasper Johns, to the Whitney Museum for $1 million..." (Excerpt from above.)



1991 articles

See the articles


1991 - obituary

(30 March 1991). Obituaries: ... Burton G. Tremaine; Collector of American, European Art [with mention of Emily Hall Tremaine]. Los Angeles Times, p. A18, cols. 1-2. (Viewed 14 October 2021. Q00660).

"Burton G. Tremaine, 89, who with his late wife, Emily, assembled one of the finest collections of 20th-Century art in the country... In 1980 the Tremaines sold ’Three flags,’ by Jasper Johns to the Whitney Museum for $1 million..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for possible locations, or contact area public library.

1991 - article mention

Reif, Rita. (7 June 1991). 50 paintings to be sold from Tremaine estate [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. New York Times, p. C3. (Updated 21 September 2021. H00525; K00738).

"... In 1980 the Tremaines privately sold Johns’s ’Three Flags,’ from 1958... to the Whitney Museum for $1 million. The money of that sale was donated to Planned Parenthood, one of their favorite charities..." (Excerpt from above.)


1991 - feature article - second Tremaine auction

Rizzo, Frank. (3 November 1991). Tremaine Collection going to auction [about second auction of selected works from the collection of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]. Hartford Courant. (Viewed 26 September 2021. Q00476).

"Works of art from the Connecticut estate of Emily and Burton Tremaine, considered by museum directors, dealers and art writers to be one of the greatest private collections of 20th century art in the world, will go on the auction block beginning Tuesday at Christie’s in New York...

In 1980, the sale of Jasper Johns’ Three Flags" to the Whitney Museum for more than $1 million was a record price at the time for a contemporary work." (Excerpt from above.)




1992 mentions in books

See the books


1992 - book mention, photo

Myers, Bernard S. & Copplestone, Trewin (General Eds.). (1992). The history of art; architecture, painting, sculpture, [pp. 905 (photo of artwork), pl. 102, 917]. Barnes & Noble: New York. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K00826-28).

1992 - photo in book

Seitz, William C. (1992). Art in the age of Aquarius 1955-1970 [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags], [p. 28 (photo of artwork), pl. 19]. Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington, DC. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01074-77).



1994 - book mention, photo

Craven, Wayne. (1994). American art: History and culture [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags], [p. 573 (photo of artwork), fig. 37.8]. Brown & Benchmark: London and New York. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K00886-87; K00889-91).

  • Offline - see worldcat.org for locations.

1995 - test preparation book mention, photo

Sia, Archibald et al. (1995). MSAT (Multiple Subject Assessment for Teachers) [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Jasper Johns], pp. 362 (photo of artwork). [Presumably, this was arranged long-term pre-1980, when artwork was sold, as photo credit is to "Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT."] Research & Education Association: Piscataway, NJ. (Viewed 2 September 2021. Q00229).

1999 - book mention, two photos, incl. photo on cover - Three flags in Whitney Museum show

Philips, Lisa. (1999). The American century: Art & culture 1950-2000 [book published on the occasion of two exhibitions with same name, first "Part I, 1900-1950", and second including Jasper Johns’s Three flags: "Part II, 1950-2000"; photos of Three flags on book cover and p. 93, with specific mention on p. 320]. Whitney Museum of American Art / W. W. Norton & Co.: New York. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00379).


2000s

2001 - test preparation book mention, photo

(2001). The best test preparation for the NYSTCE (New York State Teacher Certification Examinations) [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Jasper Johns], pp. 325-26 (photo of artwork). [Presumably, this was arranged long-term pre-1980 as photo credit is to "Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT."] Research & Education Association: Piscataway, NJ. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01001-04).


2002 mentions in books

See the books


2002 - book mention

Belton, Robert (General Editor). (2002). Art: The world of art, from Aboriginal to American Pop, Renaissance masters to Postmodernism [with mention of Jasper John’s Three flags], pp. 30-31. Flame Tree Publishing: London. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00365).

"... In the painting Three flags (1958), Johns depicted three American flags of decreasing size, one on top of the other, creating an image that was at once recognizable, but also formed a kind of abstract pattern ... " (Excerpt from above.)


2002 - book mention, photo

Perry, Marvin et al. (2002). The humanities in the Western tradition: Ideas and aesthetics (vol. II: Renaissance to present) [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags], pp. 395-96 (photo of artwork). (Viewed 6 September 2021. Q00289).

"[Photo caption:] ... This painting is literally three canvases superimposed on each other, creating a reverse perspective with the smallest flag moving into the viewer’s space. It is simultaneously a painting and a relief sculpture... " (Excerpt from above.)




2003 - newspaper magazine - photo on cover

Jennings, Peter. (21-23 November 2003). Giving thanks as an American [Jennings became as American earlier in the year; with Jasper Johns’s Three flags as a backdrop of a photographic portrait of Peter Jennings, then ABC TV network anchorman, taken at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. The Hays Daily News (Hays, Kansas), cover of USA Weekend magazine supplement, article: p. 49. (Viewed 13 September 2021. Q00097).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

2005 - test preparation book mention, photo

DenBeste, Michelle et al. (2005). The best teachers’ test preparation for the CSET multiple subjects (California Subject Examination for Teachers) [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Jasper Johns], [pp. 367-368 (with photo of artwork)]. [Presumably, this was arranged long-term pre-1980 as photo credit is to "Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT."] Research & Education Association: Piscataway, NJ. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00993-96).

2008 - test preparation book mention, photo

Charney, Jean O. et al. (2008). The best teachers’ test preparation for the CSET multiple subjects plus writing skills (California Subject Examination for Teachers) [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Jasper Johns], 2nd ed., [pp. 367-68 (photo of artwork)]. [Presumably, this was arranged long-term pre-1980 as photo credit is to "Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT."] Research & Education Association: Piscataway, NJ. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00997-1000).


2010s

c. 2010 - exhibition webpage - Three flags in Whitney Museum show

(c. 2010). Exhibition webpage for Singular visions. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. (Viewed 14 September 2021. Q00363).

"... Singular Visions presents ten highlights from the museum’s holdings, each in its own space, in order to create intimate and compelling encounters with a single work of art..." (Excerpt from above.)


c. 2013 - exhibition webpage - Three flags in Whitney Museum exhibition

(c. 2013). Exhibition webpage for American legends: From Calder to O’Keeffe. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. (Viewed 14 September 2021. Q00364).

"American Legends: From Calder to O’Keeffe showcases the Whitney’s holdings of artwork from the first half of the twentieth century alongside that of postwar figures..." (Excerpt from above.)


2013 - book mention, photo

Kleiner, Fred S.; Mamiya, Christin J. (2013). Gardner’s art through the ages: A global history (14th ed.), pp. 914-15 (with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags). Wadsworth: Boston, MA. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00218).

"... ’These are not flags’... [Jasper Johns’s] flags [retain] a pronounced surface texture, emphasizing that the viewer is looking at a handmade painting, not a machine-made fabric. The painting, like the flags, is an object, not an illusion of other objects..." (Excerpt from above.)


c. 2014 - exhibition webpage - Three flags in Whitney Museum exhibition

(c. 2014). Exhibition webpage for Shaping a collection: Five decades of gifts. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00377).

2014 - spotlighted article mention, photo - Three flags image nominated for billboard usage

Associated Press. (9 April 2014). "Art Everywhere" will paper American masterpieces on billboards this summer [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, mention of artwork image nomination, among others, for presentation on billboards across America]. The Indianapolis Star (Indiana). (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00378).


2014 - articles

See the articles


2014 - article mention, photo - Johns’s Three flags image voted on for billboard usage nationwide

Zongker, Brett (Associated Press) (Washington, DC). (7 April 2014). American art to flood US billboards this summer [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Yahoo! news. (Viewed 26 October 2021. Q00808).

"... Beginning Monday, curators are asking the public to vote online to choose which artwork will be featured on 50,000 displays for the "Art Everywhere" initiative in August... " (Excerpt from above.)


2014 - article mention, photo - Johns’s Three flags image voted on for billboard usage nationwide

Zongker, Brett (Associated Press) (Washington, DC). (7 April 2014). American art to flood US billboards this summer [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Yahoo! news (Australia). (Viewed 26 October 2021. Q00809).

2014 - article mention, photo - Johns’s Three flags image voted on for billboard usage nationwide

Zongker, Brett (Associated Press) (Washington, DC). (7 April 2014). American art to flood US billboards this summer [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Yahoo! notícias (Brazil). (Viewed 26 October 2021. Q00810).

2014 - article mention, photo - Johns’s Three flags image voted on for billboard usage nationwide

Zongker, Brett (Associated Press) (Washington, DC). (7 April 2014). American art to flood US billboards this summer [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Yahoo! news (Canada). (Viewed 26 October 2021. Q00811).

2014 - article mention, photo - Johns’s Three flags image voted on for billboard usage nationwide

Zongker, Brett (Associated Press) (Washington, DC). (7 April 2014). American art to flood US billboards this summer [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Yahoo! entertainment. (Viewed 26 October 2021. Q00813).

2014 - article mention, photo - Johns’s Three flags image voted on for billboard usage nationwide

Zongker, Brett (Associated Press) (Washington, DC). (7 April 2014). American art to flood US billboards this summer [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Yahoo! nachrichten (Germany). (Viewed 26 October 2021. Q00812).

2014 - photo in article

Cascone, Sarah. (27 August 2014). Jasper Johns’s assistant pleads guilty to stealing paintings [with odd, although communicative, photo of Johns’s Three flags]. artnet.com. (Viewed 28 September 2021. Q00535).



2015 - photo in article

(Photo - Reuters). (24 April 2015). Jasper John’s assistant jailed for theft [with odd, but communicative, photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. BBC News. (Viewed 28 September 2021. Q00534).

2017 - press release - Three flags in forthcoming The Broad, Los Angeles show

(20 December 2017). Press release: The Broad announces ticket release for Jasper Johns: "Something resembling truth" [with mention: "Works exclusive to The Broad’s presentation of the exhibition include... Three flags (1958) (The Whitney Museum of Art, New York)..."]. The Broad, Los Angeles. (Viewed 30 August 2021. Q00227).

2017 - photo in article - Three flags in forthcoming show at the Broad, Los Angeles

Finkel, Jori (Los Angeles). (12 June 2017). The Broad Museum will host sweeping Jasper Johns show [with photo of Three flags in article, with possible mention, and mention of Johns’s exhibition at the Broad]. Los Angeles Times. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00376).

2018 - exhibition webpage - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

(c. 2018). Exhibition webpage for Jasper Johns: "Something resembling truth". The Broad, Los Angeles [with installation view of Jasper Johns’s Three flags in photo gallery on the page]. (Viewed 30 August 2021. G01988).

2018 - spotlighted - wire service article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Associated Press news agency. (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00276).


2018 - other articles

See the articles


2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Vankin, Deborah. (7 February 2018). "Three flags" and other rare Jasper Johns works unveiled at the Broad [with photo and mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Johns’s exhibition at The Broad]. Los Angeles Times. (Viewed 13 September 2021. Q00355).

[Three flags], on loan from the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, almost never travels. It has been on loan only four times since the museum acquired it in 1980. It’s one of Johns’ earliest flag paintings and, as an encaustic work painted with a mixture of melted beeswax and pigment, it’s also one of his most delicate..." (Excerpt from above.)


2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Williams, Maxwell. (7 February 2018). Jasper Johns, the highest-valued living artist, gets a broad retrospective [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Hollywood Reporter. (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00306).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

(8 February 2018). Jasper Johns: "Something Resembling Truth" [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. TimeOut (Los Angeles). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00274).

2018 - article mention, video of news broadcast, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

(Los Angeles). (8 February 2018). Jasper Johns exhibit opening at The Broad museum in LA [with mention, photo and video of broadcast showing Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. ABC7 news (Los Angeles). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00275).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Haefele, Marc. (9 February 2018). The Broad mounts a massive Jasper Johns exhibit [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Johns’s exhibition at The Broad]. KPCC radio (89.3) (Pasadena, CA). (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00302).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Associated Press (AP Photo / Richard Vogel). (10 February 2018). Art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute [with mention and photo (side view) of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Texarkana Gazette (Arkansas, area). (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00311).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. 570 News (radio) (Kitchener, Ontario, Canada). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00277).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. 660 News (radio) (Calgary, Alberta). (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00312).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. 680 News (radio) (Toronto, Canada). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00278).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. 710 KNUS (radio) website (Aurora, Colorado). (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00308).

  • Offline - previously online - if needed, contact artdesigncafe.com for a pdf copy.

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. AM 930 / FM 93.7 ("The Answer") (radio) (Sarasota, Florida). (Viewed 10 September 2021. Q00335).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. The Chronicle Journal (Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00279).

2018 - photo in article - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, Illinois). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00280).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Kelowna Daily Courier (Kelowna, BC, Canada). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00286).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with photo (side view) and mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. KSL (NBC channel 5) / FM (radio) (Salt Lake City, Utah). (Viewed 13 September 2021. Q00354).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Money 105.5 (radio) (Sacramento, CA) website. (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00285).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. My McMurray (Fort McMurray, AB, Canada) (broadcast partners Country 93.3 and Rock 97.9. (Viewed 10 September 2021. Q00331).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (presumably AP). (10 February 2018). The Broad unveils wide-raging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. NBC TV (channel 4). (Viewed 13 September 2021. Q00357).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. News 95.7 radio website (Halifax, Nova Scotia). (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00307).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. News 1130 (radio) website (Vancouver, BC). (Viewed 8 September 2021. Q00313).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention and photo (side view) of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Santa Cruz Sentinel (California). (Viewed 10 September 2021. Q00332).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles) (AP Photo / Richard Vogel). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention and photo (side view) of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Seattle Times newspaper. (Viewed 12 September 2021. Q00348).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Washington Times (Washington, DC). (Viewed 12 September 2021. Q00350).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (10 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. WTNH TV (ABC channel 8) (New Haven, CT). (Viewed 12 September 2021. Q00347).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

(Associated Press). (11 February 2018). LA art museum pays tribute to Jasper Johns, the artist who made ordinary objects famous [with mention and cropped photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Hindustan Times (New Delhi, India). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00284).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Associated Press. (11 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns’s exhibition at The Broad]. People’s Daily website (China, city location unspecified). (Viewed 14 September 2021. Q00360).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Associated Press (Los Angeles). (11 February 2018). Los Angeles art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with photo (side view) of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Johns’s exhibition at The Broad]. Tribune-Review (Pittsburgh area, Pennsylvania). (Viewed 13 September 2021. Q00359).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (11 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. National Post (Toronto, Canada). (Viewed 13 September 2021. Q00356).

2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Associated Press (Los Angeles). (11 February 2018). Art museum unveils tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. News Tribune (Jefferson City, Missouri). (Viewed 13 September 2021. Q00353).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Chang, Richard. (13 February 2018). The Broad’s Jasper Johns exhibit is a must-see survey [with mention and (previous) photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Johns’s exhibition at The Broad]. LA Weekly magazine. (Viewed 3 October 2021. Q00310).

"... Three Flags (encaustic on canvas), on loan from the Whitney Museum of American Art, is a show stopper, as it was in 1958... (Excerpt from above.)


2018 - article mention - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles). (11 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. The Province (Vancouver, BC, Canada). (Viewed 12 September 2021. Q00346).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles) (AP Photo / Richard Vogel). (11 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention and photo (side view) of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Taiwan News (Taipei). (Viewed 10 September 2021. Q00330).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press - Los Angeles) (AP Photo / Richard Vogel). (13 February 2018). LA art museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. The Maine Edge newspaper website (Bangor, Maine). (Viewed 12 September 2021. Q00349).

2018 - photo in article - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Plagens, Peter. (14 February 2018). How Jasper Johns combines the best of hand and head [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Johns’s exhibition at The Broad]. Wall Street Journal. (Viewed 31 August 2021. Q00238).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rogers, John (Associated Press) (AP Photo / Richard Vogel). (16 February 2018). LA museum unveils wide-ranging tribute to Jasper Johns [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags (side view), and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Daily Star (Lebanon). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00283).

2018 - article mention, photos - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Riefe, Jordan. (22 February 2018). Why people still get worked up about Jasper Johns’s ’Flag’ painting [with mention and two photos of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles, and mention of forthcoming retrospective]. Observer website (New York). (Viewed 10 September 2021. Q00333).

2018 - photo in article - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Wagley, Catherine. (22 February 2018). Jasper Johns wanted his retrospective to appeal to young people. The Broad complied— and now it’s a hit [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags (installation view) and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. artnet.com. (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00282).

2018 - photo in article - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Drohojowska-Philp, Hunter & Goldman, Edward. (8 March 2018). Jasper Johns at the Broad [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Johns’s exhibition at The Broad]. KCRW radio station (Los Angeles) website. (Viewed 31 August 2021. Q00237).

2018 - article mention, photo - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Rosenthal, Laurie. (5 April 2018). Jasper Johns "Truth" on display at The Broad [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles]. Palisades News (Santa Monica, CA) (bi-monthly / website). (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00273).

2018 - photo in article - Three flags in The Broad, Los Angeles show

Marcus, Daniel. (Summer 2018). Los Angeles: Jasper Johns [at] The Broad [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, and mention of Johns exhibition at The Broad, Los Angeles, and forthcoming retrospective at the Whitney and Philadelphia Museum of Art]. Artforum website. (Viewed 5 September 2021. Q00281).



c. 2019 - exhibition webpage, installation photo - Three flags in Whitney Museum of American Art show

(c. 2019). Exhibition webpage for The Whitney’s Collection: Selections from 1900 to 1965 [with installation photo showing Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. (Viewed 27 September 2021. Q00362; Q00487).


2020s

2020 - press release - Three flags in Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

(2 March 2020). In fall 2020, a lifetime retrospective dedicated to Jasper Johns will be presented simultaneously in New York and Philadelphia [shows delayed until September 2021; with mention of Johns’s Three flags]. Philadelphia Museum of Art. (Viewed 27 September 2021. Q00484).

"... To accompany the Whitney’s own Three Flags, 1958— one of the icons of the Museum’s collection— many extraordinary loans have been secured for the occasion..." (Excerpt from above.)


2020 - article mention - Three flags in forthcoming retrospective (NY & PHL)

(2 March 2020). This fall, a lifetime retrospective dedicated to Jasper Johns will be presented simultaneously in New York and Philadelphia [delayed; with mention of Johns’s Three flags at the Whitney in forthcoming retrospective]. ARTFIXdaily website (San Francisco area). (Viewed 14 September 2021. Q00361).

c. 2021 - exhibition webpage, photo (video) - Three flags in Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

(c. 2021). Exhibition (retrospective) webpage for Jasper Johns: Mind / Mirror. Whitney Museum of American art (additional venue Philadelphia Museum of Art). (Viewed 10 September 2021. Q00334).

"Jasper Johns’s groundbreaking work sent shock waves through the art world when it was first shown in the late 1950s... " (Excerpt from above.)



2021 articles

See the articles


2021 - photo in article - Three flags in forthcoming Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

da Silva, José. (6 January 2021). The biggest and best art exhibitions opening around the world in 2021 [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of forthcoming retrospective in NY / PHL; also partial view in a mixed graphic previewing shows]. The Art Newspaper. (Viewed 27 September 2021. Q00488).

2021 - article mention - Three flags in forthcoming Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

(29 August 2021). A lifetime retrospective dedicated to Jasper Johns is on view simultaneously in New York and Philadelphia this fall [with mention of Johns’s Three flags]. artfixdaily.com. (Viewed 3 October 2021. Q00598).

2020 - photo in article - Three flags in forthcoming Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

Ghassemitari, Shawn. (7 September 2021). Jasper Johns double retrospective opening at The Whitney and Philadelphia Museum of Art [with embedded promotional video by Whitney Museum of American Art with photo of Johns’s Three flags]. Hypebeast.com (Hong Kong)website. (Viewed 3 October 2021. Q00596).

2021 - photo in article - Three flags in forthcoming Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

Saenger, Peter. (10 September 2021). Jasper Johns’s lifetime of making and breaking rules [with photo (and possibly mention) of Johns’s Three flags and mention of forthcoming Johns retrospective]. Wall Street Journal. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00373).

2021 - photo in article - Three flags in forthcoming Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

Smee, Sebastian (Washington Post). (10 September 2021). Museums are still mounting major exhibitions this fall, with no shortage of big-name artists [with photo of Jasper John’s Three flags and mention of forthcoming retrospective (NY / PHL)]. msn.com. (Viewed 27 September 2021. Q00485).

2021 - article mention, photo - Three flags in forthcoming Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

Mooallem, Stephen. (13 September 2021). The meaning of Jasper Johns; For decades, people have tried to get inside the mind of one of America’s most visionary, enigmatic artists. Now, they finally get their chance [with mention of Johns’s Three flags and forthcoming retrospective]. Harper’s Bazaar magazine. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00375).

" ... While Johns’s popularity has waxed and waned, the market for his work has not. In 1980, the Whitney purchased Johns’s Three Flags for $1 million [from Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine], then a record price for the work of a living artist.... In 1988... [White flag (1958)] was auctioned [by Burton Tremaine after Emily’s death] ... which went for $7 million..." (Excerpt from above.)


2021 - article mention, photo

Brara, Noor & Ajudua, Christine. (14 September 2021). Here are 17 of the best Americana-themed looks at the 2021 Met Gala next to the great works of art that (probably) inspired them [with photo of musician Debbie Harry in an American flag-themed dress, juxtaposed against Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. artnet.com. (Viewed 27 September 2021. Q00486).

"... Is it Debbie Harry in an American-flag themed dress by Zac Posen or… Jasper Johns’s 1958 work, Three Flags? ..." (Excerpt from above.)


2021 - article mention, photo - Three flags in Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

Gural, Natasha. (25 September 2021). Momentous Jasper Johns retrospective reveals parallel narratives at the Whitney and Philadelphia Museum Of Art, transforming our perception of the unrivaled living master [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags]. Forbes magazine. (Viewed 30 September 2021. Q00551).

"... Three Flags (1958), a wildly influential hybrid of painting and sculpture, engages our multiple, often conflicting, identities with the flag and the nation... Three flags of varying sizes challenge our depth perception as much as our representations of what it means or feels to be an American or to be in America... " (Excerpt from above.)




n. d.

n. d. - education unit, photo

(n. d.). GCSE (Art and design): Rhythm [educational component, text mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags in relation to visual element "rhythm", example of "regular rhythm"]. BBC Bitesize. (Viewed 30 September 2021. Q00552).

n. d. - feature article , photo

Ricci, Benedetta. (undated). Portraits of America: Jasper Johns’ Three Flags [with mention and photo of Johns’s Three flags]. The Artlander magazine. (Viewed 3 October 2021. Q00597).





C. Possible information about Jasper Johns’s Three flags in the Emily Hall Tremaine papers:

> Emily Hall Tremaine papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Series 4: Artist Files, 1936-2000. Artist file: "Johns, Jasper, circa 1960 - circa 1989".




D. Other information resources concerning Jasper Johns’s Three flags, mainly focused while under Tremaine ownership (1959-80):

> Tremaine Collection artworks and designs in publications (compilation; 1945-present)

> Emily Hall Tremaine Papers at the Smithsonian, reproduction permissions section: Shortlisted guide to artworks

> The Tremaine Collection: 20th Century Masters exhibition catalogue (list of photos of artworks and designs) (1984)

> The Tremaine Collection: 20th Century Masters (1984) (list of artworks in exhibition)