Aeolian Company designs in collections, at auction, in exhibitions, design catalogues and historical information

ADC staff
artdesigncafé - design | Design Meriden | 31 October 2018 | Updated 17 July 2019

A. Aeolian Company designs in collections


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= completely offline


1880s

c. 1887-1896 - organette

Aeolian Organ & Music Co. (c. 1887-1896). Organette. Wood, brass. (Artifact no. 1979.0074.001. Viewed 29 December 2018. J00254).


1900s

c. 1900-05 - pianola

Aeolian Company. (c. 1900-05). Pianola. (Artifact no. 1971.0371.001. Viewed 29 December 2018. J00248).

c. 1907 - piano player, metrostyle pianola

Aeolian Company (c. 1907). Piano player, metrostyle pianola. (Artifact no. 1977.0002.001. Viewed 29 December 2018. J00249).


1910s

1917 - reproducing piano

Aeolian Company. (1917). Reproducing piano. (Artifact no. 1978.1038.001. Viewed 29 December 2018. J00250).


1920s

after 1920 - player piano roll

Aeolian Company. (after 1920). Player piano roll ("200236, Amaryllis, Valse Lente, Seger, played by Felix Arndt"). (Artifact no. 1981.0642.001. Viewed 29 September 2018. J00252).

after 1920 - player piano roll

Aeolian Company. (after 1920). Player piano roll ("80253, Whispering Wind, Mazurka, Wollenhaupt"). (Artifact no. 1981.0642.002. Viewed 29 December 2018. J00253).

1920-29 - player piano roll, model: Girofle-Girofla Potpourri-Lecocq

Aeolian Company . Player piano roll, model: Girofle-Girofla Potpourri-Lecocq. (Artifact no. 1980.0607.001. Viewed 29 December 2018. J00251).


B. Aeolian Company designs at auction


This section is in development.


C. Aeolian Company designs in exhibitions


1880s

1889 - Exposition at Delavan Opera House, Meriden

10 October 1889. Exposition at Delavan Opera House, Meriden, on the occasion of the visit of the International American Congress.

> Exhibited by Aeolian Organ And Music Company, two Aeolian organs, one made of walnut and the other mahogany. Spanish music was played in honor of the visitors.

  • For documentation, see design catalogues and historical information section below.


1900s

1906 - Hanover Park, Meriden exhibition

11 - 16 June 1906. Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition, Hanover Park, Meriden, CT.

> The Aeolian Company exhibited "the pianola, a pianola piano, a Weber grand piano and the orchestrelle made by the company".

  • For documentation, see design catalogues and historical information section below.


1920s

1923 - Better Homes Exposition, Hartford

2 - 14 April 1923. Better Homes Exposition, Hartford, Connecticut.

> Unspecified designs exhibited by Aeolian Co.

  • For documentation, see design catalogues and historical information section below.

1926 - Better Homes Exhibition, Hartford

20 - 27 March 1926. Better Homes Exhibition at the State Armory, Hartford, CT.

> Unspecified designs exhibited by Aeolian Co. (New York, with Meriden operations).

  • For documentation, see design catalogues and historical information section below.



See our Design Meriden compilation listing over 1000 exhibitions since 1851, featuring historical design associated with the Meriden area.



D. Aeolian Company - design catalogues and historical information (by year)


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1880s

Various newspapers, magazines and other sources

(c. 1887-). Various newspapers, magazines and other sources - search engines. (Updated 20 April 2019.)

1889 - missing booklet accompanying exposition - Aeolian at Meriden opera house

(1889). Meriden Journal Souvenir [leather-bound booklet containing a list of the manufactories contributing to the exhibition at the Delavan Opera House, Meriden, 10 October 1889, and other companies in Meriden], 4 pp. (Viewed 29 October 2018. L00763; L00765-68).

1889 - spotlighted news mention - in Delavan Opera House exposition

(10 October 1889). Our guests: Honored visitors here to-day [including section of Aeolian Organ & Music Company]. Meriden Daily Journal, p. 1. (Viewed 29 October 2018. L00769-83).

"... The two Aeolian organs show the Aeolian Organ & Music Co. were beauties, and the finest finished instruments made at the factory. One was of walnut and the other mahogany, with regular piano cases. Spanish music was played by the organs, as a recognition of the foreign visitors."


1889 - news mention - in Delavan Opera House exposition

(10 October 1889). Our guests: Honored visitors here to-day [including mention of Aeolian Organ & Music Organ Company]. Meriden Daily Journal, p. 1. (Viewed 29 October 2018. L00769-83).

1889 - news mention - Meriden opera house exhibition

(11 October 1889). The show photographed: Fine pictures of the Opera House exhibit made. ["The best of them will be forwarded to Frank Leslie’s paper— what the state and New York press has to say about Meriden", with excerpts from Hartford Courant, Hartford Times, New Haven Register, New York Herald, New York Tribune, Waterbury Republican, with no specific mention of Aeolian Organ & Music Co.] Meriden Daily Journal, p. 1. (Viewed 14 September 2018. L00785-89).

1889 - advertisement

The Aeolian Company, New York. (28 December 1889). Advertisement: "The Aeolian, The greatest of all musical instruments... " [with no illustrations]. The Evening Post, p. 6, col. 6. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E00906).


1890s

1891 advertisements

See the ads


1891 - advertisement

Aeolian Company, New York. (4 February 1891). Advertisement: "The Aeolian, The Greatest of All Musical Instruments... " [with no illustrations]. The Evening Post, p. 4, col. 6. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E00916-17).

1891 - advertisement

Aeolian Company, New York. (11 February 1891). Advertisement: "A Waltz? ’Will it play a waltz?’ a customer asks. Most assuredly ; in this the Aeoloan excels all other instruments... " [with no illustrations]. The Evening Post (New York, NY), p. 4, col. 5. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E00914-15).

1891 - advertisement

Aeolian Company, New York. (15 November 1891). Advertisement: "There is nothing that will make the home more attractive... " [with abstract illustration including piano with caption "The Minuette"]. The Sun (New York, NY), p. 13, cols. 6-7. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E00918-19).



1891 patents

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1891 - patent - organ

Joseph Herbert Chase and James B. Tracy, of Meriden, assignors to the Aeolian Organ and Music Company, of New York, NY. (20 January 1891; filed 14 October 1889). Letters patent no. 445,044; serial no. 327,039: Organ. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00364).

1891 - patent - music-sheet for mechanical musical instruments

William A. Webber, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Organ and Music Company, of New York, NY. (12 May 1891; filed 29 January 1891). Letters patent no. 452,203; serial no. 379,596: Music-sheet for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00365).



1892 - advertisement

Aeolian Company. (27 November 1892). Advertisement: "The Aeolian is essentially an instrument for the home... send for descriptive catalogue... " [with no product illustrations]. The Sun (New York, NY), p. 4, cols. 6-7. (Viewed 3 July 2019. F01066).

1892 or earlier - missing catalogue

Aeolian Company. (1892 or earlier). [Catalogue]. Number of pages unknown. (Viewed 3 July 2019. F01066).

1893 - advertisement

Aeolian Company, 18 West 23d St., New York. (26 November 1893). Advertisement: "A man or a woman who has never taken a lesson in music can learn to play the Aeolian in less than a week... " [with no illustrations]. The Sun (New York), p. 2, col. 7. (Viewed 22 June 2019. D00945).

1894 - news mention

(25 August 1894). Table talk [with mention of Aeolian Company]. Millbrook Round Table (Millbrook, NY), unknown page number, col 2. (Viewed 17 July 2019. C01017-18).

"G. A. Vossler & Sons have taken the agency for the Aeolian organ, the most novel musical instrument before the public. It can be played by anyone without any knowledge of music without an hour’s practice. It is well worthy of inspection at the Messrs. Vossler’s warerooms, 209 Main street." (Excerpt from above.)



1894 advertisements

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1894 - advertisement

Aeolian Company. (29 April 1894). Advertisement: "Aeolian... there has been evolved a new type of musical instruments... " [with no illustrations]. New-York Daily Tribune, p. 12, cols. 5-6. (Viewed 16 June 2019. D00859-60).

1894 - advertisement

Aeolian Company. (11 March 1894). Advertisement: "... The Aeolian is a musical instrument the distinguishing characteristics of which are Simplicity of Operation and Remarkable Orchestral Properties... 18 West 23d Street, New York; Boston: 155 Tremont St.; Philadelphia: 1117 Chestnut St." [with no illustration]. New York Daily Tribune, p. 5, cols. 5-6. (Viewed 16 June 2019. F00990-91).



1894 - patent - musical instrument

Joseph H. Chase and James B. Tracy, of Meriden, assignors to the Aeolian Organ and Music Company, of New York, NY. (22 May 1894; filed 10 May 1992). Letters patent no. 520,297; serial no. 507,318: Musical instrument. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00363).


1895 advertisements

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1895 - advertisement

D. H. Baldwin & Co., Indianapolis. (5 December 1895). Advertisement: "Aeolian for Lodges; It is customary to furnish lodge rooms with a musical instrument of some kind, the most popular being a piano or an organ. The Aeolian possesses advantages for this purpose... Call or Write for Catalogue... Daily Aeolian Concerts" [with no illustrations]. The Indianapolis Journal, p. 8, col. 1. (Viewed 16 June 2019. F00991-92).

1895 - advertisement

Kohler & Chase, San Francisco, CA. (13 December 1895). Advertisement: "The Aeolian! ... ’The Greatest Musical Invention of the Century’ ... " [with no illustrations]. The San Francisco Call, p. 16. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E00902-03).



1896 - advertisement

Cluett & Sons, Plattsburgh, NY. (11 July 1896). Advertisement: "... Aeolian organ, plays any music ever written..." [with no illustrations]. Plattsburgh Daily Press (Plattsburgh, NY), presumably p. 4, col. 4. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00350).


1896 patents

See the patents


1896 - patent - exhauster or feeder for musical-organ bellows

Joseph Herbert Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of Meriden. (22 September 1896; filed 7 March 1896). Letters patent no. 568,310; serial no. 582,237: Exhauster or feeder for musical-organ bellows. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00366).

1896 - patent - organ

Joseph H. Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (27 October 1896; filed 31 December 1894). Letters patent no. 570,200; serial no. 604,674: Organ. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00367).

1896 - patent - tempo indicator and governor for musical instruments

Joseph Herbert Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (24 November 1896; filed 27 May 1896). Letters patent no. 571,746; serial no. 593,357: Tempo indicator and governor for musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00378).



1897 - news mention

(15 July 1897). To buy out Wilcox & White [with mention of Aeolian Company]. Hartford Courant, p. 8. (Viewed 26 December 2018. D00472).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

""About fifteen of the principal creditors of the Wilcox & White Organ Company had a conference this afternoon. George H. Wilcox, representing the C. H. White estate and the Aeolian Company, made an offer of $40,000 for the property. Trustee E. J. Doolittle wished to get the creditors view on the offer. The local creditors favored accepting the offer, but the out of town creditors thought a higher price out to be obtained. ..." (Excerpt from above.)


c. 1897 - historical information

Davis, William T. (Ed.) (c. 1897). On "Aeolian Co.", (p. 928). In The New England states, their constitutional, judicial, educational, commercial, professional and industrial history, vol. 2. Boston: D. H. Hurd & Co. (Viewed 31 October 2018. A02626; A02631.)

"... The Aeolian Co., manufacturers of self-playing musical instruments and music, was organized in 1887 with a capital stock of $225,000. Their factory is located on Tremont street, corner of Cambridge, and a large force of hands are daily employed... "


1899 - spotlighted news mention

(21 December 1899). Aeolian Organ Company’s purchase. Hartford Courant, p. 3. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00484).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.
"The Aeolian Organ Company of Meriden, organized in 1887 with a capital stock of $225,000, has recently bought the plant and business of the Votey Organ Company of Detroit, Mich., and will move the business of the latter plant to Garwood, N. J. The Aeolian Company of Meriden has recently taken over the property and business of the Vocalian Company of Worcester, Mass., and is now running it together with the Meriden company’s plant." (Excerpt if full from above.)

(Excerpt from above.)


1899 - news mention

(28 December 1899). Music rolls not copyright [with mention of Aeolian Company]. Hartford Courant, p. 10. (Viewed 26 December 2018. D00485).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"An interesting copyright case has just come before the English court of appeal. It has to do with the question whether music copyright covers the perforated rolls used to produce music in a machine like the Aeolian ... " (Excerpt from above.)


1899 - advertisement

Goetz & Co., Brooklyn, NY. (3 December 1899). Advertisement: "... Aeolian organs. Several rolls of music go with each..." [with no illustrations]. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), p. 19, col. 3. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00351-52).


1899 patents

See the patents


1899 - patent - primary valve for automatic organs

Joseph H. Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (27 June 1899; filed 20 April 1898). Letters patent no. 627,570; serial no. 678,215: Primary valve for automatic organs. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00368).

1899 - patent - pedal attachment for automatic playing devices

Robert W. Pain, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (8 August 1899; filed 4 February 1899). Letters patent no. 630,557; serial no. 704,505: Pedal attachment for automatic playing devices. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00369).

1899 - patent - guide for pianolas

Robert W. Pain, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (8 August 1899; filed 4 February 1899). Letters patent no. 630,558; serial no. 704,506: Guide for pianolas. (Viewed 2 November 2018. E00390).

1899 - patent - electromechanical perforating-machine

George Howlett Davis, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (8 August 1899; filed 12 December 1894). Letters patent no. 630,598; serial no. 531,594: Electromechanical perforating-machine. (Viewed 2 November 2018. E00391).

1899 - patent - adjustable caster

Joseph Herbert Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of Meriden. (10 October 1899; filed 18 February 1899). Letters patent no. 634,803; serial no. 705,989: Adjustable caster. (Viewed 2 November 2018. E00392).

1899 - patent - tempo indicator and governor for musical instruments

Joseph Herbert Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (12 December 1899; filed 30 June 1898). Letter patent no. 638,955; serial no. 684,793: Tempo indicator and governor for musical instruments. (Viewed 2 November 2018. E00393).



Click to see designs in collections and historical documentation about another musical instrument manufacturer in Meriden, the Wilcox & White Co. Plus check out other accomplished historical companies from the area on the Design Meriden micro-site homepage.



1900s

1900 - news mention

(29 March 1900). Will not remove from Meriden [one-paragraph article]. Hartford Courant, p. 1. [Special to the Courant, Meriden, March 23.] (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00486).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"There have been a number of rumors that the Aeolian Organ Company of this city [Meriden] would move to New Jersey. It employs a large number of hands. It was announced to-day that the company would remain here and it would increase its plant by a large addition to the factory." (Excerpt in full from above.)


1900 patents

See the patents


1900 - patent - musical instrument

Robert W. Pain, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (17 April 1900; filed 20 April 1898). Letters patent no. 647,926; serial no. 678,228: Musical instrument. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00370).

1900 - patent - auxiliary operating attachment for piano-actions

Robert Williard Pain, assignor to Aeolian Company, of Connecticut. (11 December 1900; filed 17 July 1900). Letters patent no. 663,552; serial no. 23,887: Auxiliary operating attachment for piano-actions. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01282).



1901 patents

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1901 - patent - pneumatic piano-playing device

Robert Williard Pain, assignor to Aeolian Company, of Connecticut. (21 May 1901; filed 11 September 1900). Letters patent no. 674,426; serial no. 29,710: Pneumatic piano-playing device. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01283).

1901 - patent - mechanical musical instrument

Peter Welin, of Worcester, MA, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of Meriden. (1 October 1901; filed 12 February 1901). Letters patent no. 683,825; serial no. 47,022: Mechanical musical instrument. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00371).



1902 - news mention

(3 July 1902). Corporation notes: The Aeolian Company [of Meriden] raises its capital stock to $1,000,000. Hartford Courant, p. 4. (Viewed 26 December 2018. D00487).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.


1902 patents

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1902 - patent - machine for cutting and printing stencil-sheets

Willard S. Pain, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (14 January 1902; filed 24 May 1901). Letters patent no. 690,991; serial no. 61,693: Machine for cutting and printing stencil-sheets. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00373).

1902 - patent - controller for mechanical musical instruments

Francis Lincoln Young, of London, England, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (11 February 1902; filed 15 November 1901). Letters patent no. 692,968; serial no. 82,393: Controller for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00374).

1902 - patent - device for marking perforated music-sheets with a line indicating an effect to be produced

Francis Lincoln Young, of London, England, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (11 February 1902; filed 15 November 1901). Letters patent no. 692,969; serial no. 82,394: Device for marking perforated music-sheets with a line indicating an effect to be produced. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00338).

1902 - patent - musical instrument

William G. Spiegel, of New York, NY, assignor of one-half to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (25 March 1902; filed 11 June 1901). Letters patent no. 695,958; serial no. 64,123: Musical instrument. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00339).

1902 - patent - keyboard playing attachment for musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (25 March 1902; original application filed 16 November 1899; divided and this application filed 29 January 1902). Letters patent no. 696,216; original application serial no. 737,223; this application serial no. 91,712: Keyboard playing attachment for musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01285).

1902 - patent - mechanical musical instrument

Charles Lewis Emmons, of Cranford, NJ, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (29 April 1902; filed 2 December 1901). Letters patent no. 698,480; serial no. 84,425: Mechanical musical instrument. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00340).

1902 - patent - operating-sheet for automatic musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (19 August 1902; filed 30 October 1900). Letters patent no. 707,283; serial no. 34,917: Operating-sheet for automatic musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01286).

1902 - patent - perforated music-sheet for automatic musical instruments

Charles Harris Shaw, of Brooklyn, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 September 1902; filed 20 March 1902). Letters patent no. 709,054; serial no. 99,045: Perforated music-sheet for automatic musical instruments. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00353).

1902 - patent - tracker for musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, of Summit, NJ, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (28 October 1902; filed 19 December 1901). Letters patent no. 712,162; serial no. 86,596: Tracker for musical instruments. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00354).

1902 - patent - tracker-board for automatic musical-instrument players

Ernest M. Skinner, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (9 December 1902; original application filed 12 September 1900; divided and filed 27 December 1900). Letters patent no. 715,307; original application serial no. 29,842; divided and filed application 41,276: Tracker-board for automatic musical-instrument players. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01287).

1902 - patent - mechanical musical instrument

Edwin S. Votey, of Summit, NJ, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (30 December 1902; filed 2 November 1901). Letters patent no. 717,146; serial no. 80,940: Mechanical musical instrument. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00355).



1903 patents

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1903 - patent - machine for cutting music-sheets for mechanical musical instruments

Willard S. Pain, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (6 January 1903; filed 24 May 1901). Letters patent no. 717,759; serial no. 61,694: Machine for cutting music-sheets for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00375).

1903 - patent - music-roll

George Bradford Kelly, of Jamaica Plain, MA, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (13 January 1903; filed 15 August 1902). Letters patents no. 718,256; serial no. 119,790: Music-roll. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00376).

1903 - patent - scale for musical instruments

Daniel Howard Haywood, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (13 January 1903; filed 2 December 1901). Letters patent no. 718,346; serial no. 84,295: Scale for musical instruments. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00357).

1903 - patent - music-sheet for mechanical musical instruments

Robert Williard Pain, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (14 April 1903; filed 5 March 1902). Letters patent no. 725,358; serial no. 96,729: Music-sheet for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00343).

1903 - patent - automatic piano

Robert Williard Pain, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of New York. (5 May 1903; filed 15 February 1902). Letters patent no. 726,981; serial no. 94,207: Automatic piano. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00344).

1903 - patent - means for modifying the action of strikers in mechanism for playing keyboard instruments

Robert Williard Pain, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (26 May 1903; filed 23 January 1902). Letters patent no. 728,965; serial no. 90,893: Means for modifying the action of strikers in mechanism for playing keyboard instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00345).

1903 - patent - primary pneumatic-valve in mechanism for playing musical instruments

Robert Williard Pain, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (26 May 1903; filed 21 April 1902). Letters patent no. 728,966; serial no. 108,880: Primary pneumatic-valve in mechanism for playing musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00346).

1903 - patent - means for retaining pianolas in position before keyboard musical instruments

James B. Tracy, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (2 June 1903; filed 3 February 1902). Letters patent no. 729,977; serial no. 92,290: Means for retaining pianolas in position before keyboard musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01300).

1903 - patent - means for modifying the action of strikers in mechanism for playing keyboard instruments

Robert Williard Pain, assignor to Aeolian Co., of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 June 1903; filed 24 December 1901). Letters patent no. 730,958; serial no. 87,061: Means for modifying the action of strikers in mechanism for playing keyboard instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00357).

1903 - patent - music-roll

Frank R. Wyckoff, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 June 1903; filed 30 January 1903). Letters patent no. 731,008; serial no. 141,190: Music-roll. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00358).

1903 - patent - mechanism for playing musical instruments

Frank R. Wyckoff, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (14 July 1903; filed 5 March 1902). Letters patent no. 733,528; serial no. 96,734: Mechanism for playing musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00359).

1903 - patent - means for regulating the expression of mechanical musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (27 October 1903; filed 21 August 1903). Letters patent no. 742,760; serial no. 170,351: Means for regulating the expression of mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00360).

1903 - patent - mechanism for accentuating one or more notes in mechanically-actuated musical apparatus

Joseph H. Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (3 November 1903; filed 13 May 1903). Letters patent no. 743,065; serial no. 156,980: Mechanism for accentuating one or more notes in mechanically-actuated musical apparatus. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00361).

1903 - patent - means for adjusting music-rolls in mechanical musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Co., of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (3 November 1903; filed 20 January 1902). Letters patent no. 743,118; serial no. 90,410: Means for adjusting music-rolls in mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00362).

1903 - patent - mechanism for accentuating one or more notes in mechanically-actuated musical apparatus

Francis Young, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (3 November 1903; filed 14 March 1903). Letters patent no. 743,130; serial no. 147,741: Mechanism for accentuating one or more notes in mechanically-actuated musical apparatus. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00363).

1903 - patent - expression mechanism for pianolas or other musical instruments

Robert Williard Pain, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (17 November 1903; filed 17 July 1903). Letters patent no. 744,277; serial no. 165,910: Expression mechanism for pianolas or other musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00364).



1904 - advertisement

Aeolian Company, New York. (16 January 1904). Advertisement: "Exchanged Aeolians and Orchestrelles... Special Sale of Exchanged Pianolas..." [with no illustrations]. The Corrector (Sag-Harbor, New York) , unknown page number, cols. 4-5. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E00907-08).


1904 patents

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1904 - patent - means for regulating the expression of mechanical musical instruments

Robert W. Pain, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (15 March 1904; filed 21 August 1903). Letters patent no. 754,886; serial no. 170,362: Means for regulating the expression of mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00379).

1904 - patent - means for securing end flanges to music-roll spools

Willard S. Pain, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (19 July 1904; filed 30 April 1904). Letters patent no. 765,591; serial no. 205,771: Means for securing end flanges to music-roll spools. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00380).

1904 - patent - expression mechanism for pneumatically-actuated musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 August 1904; filed 27 February 1904). Letters patent no. 767,781; serial no. 195,519: Expression mechanism for pneumatically-actuated musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01288).

1904 - patent - music-roll for pianolas, etc.

Willard S. Pain, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. a corporation of Connecticut. (16 August 1904; filed 16 July 1903). Letters patent no. 767,830; serial no. 135,772: Music-roll for pianolas, etc. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00358).

1904 - patent - automatic musical instrument

Peter Welin, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (23 August 1904; filed 3 August 1899). Letters patent no. 768,414; serial no. 726,043: Automatic musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01289).



1905 patents

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1905 - patent - note-sheet

Frank Taft, of Montclair, NJ, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (10 January 1905; filed 23 July 1902). Letters patent no. 779,677; serial no. 116,707: Note-sheet. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00356).

1905 - patent - traveling music-roll

Harry M. Smith, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 January 1905; filed 6 November 1899). Letters patent no. 780,689; serial no. 736,072: Traveling music-roll. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00365).

1905 - patent - pedal attachment for mechanical instrument-players

Charles Lewis Emmons, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (10 October 1905; filed 6 April 1905). Letters patent no. 801,827; serial no. 264,085: Pedal attachment for mechanical instrument-players. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00366).



1906 - spotlighted news mention - in Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition

(14 June 1906). Fourth day of the Centennial; Big attendance at pure food exhibition [with mention of Aeolian in Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition, Hanover Park, Meriden]. Meriden Morning Record, p. 1, cols. 2-3 & p. 7. col. 3. (appears to be an article reprint of the Meriden Weekly Republican article, or vice-versa.) (Viewed 23 October 2018. B01188-92).

"... In the center of the casino is the Aeolian company’s exhibit. LeRoy H. Moon, of New York, is in charge of this exhibit, in which are shown the pianola, a pianola piano, a Weber grand piano and the orchestrelle made by the company. Mr. Moon is an expert and the concerts he gives during the afternoon and evening are greatly enjoyed..."


1906 - news mention - in Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition

(14 June 1906). Fourth day of the Centennial; Big attendance at pure food exhibition [/ Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition with mention of Wilcox & White.] Meriden Weekly Republican, p. 1, cols. 2-3 & p. 8 (see Meriden Morning Record above; this page is not visible). (Viewed 21 October 2018. B01179-81).


1906 patents

See the patents


1906 - patent - pneumatic-action of musical instruments

Morris S. Wright, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (2 January 1906; filed 13 March 1902). Letters patent no. 809,039; serial no. 98,058: Pneumatic-action of musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00349).

1906 - patent - take-up roll for perforated music-sheets

Frederick L. Wood, assignor to Aeolian Company of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (27 February 1906; filed 17 June 1905). Letters patent no. 813,607; serial no. 265,659: Take-up roll for perforated music-sheets. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01284).

1906 - patent - pneumatically-actuated musical instrument

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Co., of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (6 March 1906; filed 24 June 1901). Letters patent no. 814,176; serial no. 65,783: pneumatically-actuated musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00348).

1906 - patent - tempo-indicator

Francis L. Young, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (1 May 1906; filed 24 March 1905). Letters patent no. 819,113; serial no. 251,731: Tempo-indicator. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00380).

1906 - patent - music-sheet indicator

John W. Heins, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (1 May 1906; filed 24 June 1905). Letters patent no. 819,135; serial no. 266,732: Music-sheet indicator. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00381).

1906 - patent - templet for placing expression-lines

Francis L. Young, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (15 May 1906; filed 3 March 1905). Letters patent no. 820,752: Templet for placing expression-lines. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00389).

1906 - patent - music-roll

George B. Kelly, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (5 June 1906; filed 9 March 1906). Letters patent no. 822,280; serial no. 305,029: Music-roll. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00474).

1906 - patent - mechanical musical apparatus

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of New York. (19 June 1906; filed 22 June 1903). Letters patent no. 824,049; serial no. 162,505: Mechanical musical apparatus. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00347).

1906 - patent - portable-player for musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of New York. (19 June 1906; filed 22 June 1903). Letters patent no. 824,050; serial no. 162,506: Portable-player for musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00350).

1906 - patent - automatic musical instrument

William H. Rees, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (3 July 1906; filed 25 November 1905). Letters patent no. 825,277; serial no. 289,077: Automatic musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00475).

1906 - patent - mechanical musical instrument

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (17 July 1906; filed 1 December 1905). Letters patent no. 825,948; serial no. 289,761: Mechanical musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00476).

1906 - patent - pneumatic coupler

Frederick L. Wood, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (17 July 1906; filed 28 October 1905). Letters patent no. 826,397; serial no. 284,864: Pneumatic coupler. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00477).

1906 - patent - piano-stool

Ernest R. Hunter, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 July 1906; filed 1 December 1905). Letters patent no. 826,575; serial no. 289,780: Piano-stool. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00478).

1906 - patent - tracker and associated parts for mechanical musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 July 1906; filed 1 December 1905). Letters patent no. 826,753; serial no. 289,760: Tracker and associated parts for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00479).

1906 - patent - mechanical musical instrument

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 July 1906; filed 1 December 1905). Letters patent no. 826,754; serial no. 289,762: Mechanical musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00480).

1906 - patent - musical-instrument player

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (21 August 1906; filed 27 January 1905). Letters patent no. 829,184; serial no. 242,937: Musical-instrument player. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00481).

1906 - patent - music-roll-coupling device

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (21 August 1906; filed 13 October 1905). Letters patent no. 829,185; serial no. 282,661: Music-roll-coupling device. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00482).

1906 - patent - movable tracker for mechanical musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (21 August 1906; filed 1 December 1905). Letters patent no. 829,186; serial no. 289,759: Movable tracker for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00483).

1906 - patent - music-roll

George B. Kelly, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (2 October 1906; filed 13 October 1905). Letters patent no. 832,065; serial no. 282,622: Music-roll. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00484).

1906 - patent - music-roll-coupling device

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (9 October 1906; filed 20 September 1905). Letters patent no. 832,641; serial no. 279,285: Music-roll-coupling device. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00485).

1906 - patent - automatic musical instrument

Morris S. Wright, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 October 1906; filed 7 April 1902). Letters patent no. 833,362; serial no. 101,624: Automatic musical instrument. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00377).

1906 - patent - music-roll-making machine

Philip Jacob Meahl, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (4 December 1906; filed 23 January 1906). Letters patent no. 837,317; serial no. 297,424: Music-roll-making machine. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00367).

1906 - patent - perforated music-sheet for mechanical musical instruments

George Swift, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of Meriden and New York, NY. (4 December 1906; filed 9 March 1900). Letters patent no. 837,517; serial no. 8052. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00372).



1907 patents

See the patents


1907 - patent - music-sheet-guiding device

Elihu Thomson, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a company of Connecticut. (15 January 1907; filed 9 February 1906). Letters patent no. 841,356; serial no. 300,236: Music-sheet-guiding device. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00368).

1907 - patent - detachable music-roll support

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a company of Connecticut. (2 April 1907; filed 1 May 1905). Letters patent no. 849,091; serial no. 258,211: Detachable music-roll support. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00369).

1907 - patent - music-sheet

William H. Rees, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of New Jersey. (28 May 1907; original application filed 25 November 1905; divided and this application filed 7 May 1906). Letters patent no. 855,413; original application serial no. 289,077; this application serial no. 315,461: Music-sheet. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00382).

1907 - patent - music-roll and support therefor

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (10 September 1907; filed 13 October 1905). Letters patent no. 865,664; serial no. 282,660: Music-roll and support therefor. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00383).

1907 - patent - tracker-board for legato and other effects in pneumatic musical apparatus

Harold Binney, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (17 December 1907; filed 13 January 1906). Letters patent no. 873,981; serial no. 295,849: Tracker-board for legato and other effects in pneumatic musical apparatus. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00384).



1908 - patent - key-striking mechanism for musical instruments

Francis L. Young, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 March 1908; filed 14 November 1905). Letters patent no. 882,920; serial no. 287,244: Key-striking mechanism for musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01295).

1909 - patent - volume-controlling means for mechanical musical instruments

Joseph H. Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (29 June 1909; filed 16 December 1905). Letters patent no. 926,178; serial no. 291,974: Volume-controlling means for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01296).


1910s

1913 - news article

(8 August 1913). Music roll firm will come here; Subsidiary company of the Aeolian Company of Meriden to establish factory [two-paragraph article]. Hartford Courant, p. 2. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00490).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"The Aeolian Company of Meriden, the largest piano and player-piano manufacturer in the world, is to move part of the business of the Universal Music Company, a subsidiary company devoted entirely to the manufacture of perforated paper music rolls for player-pianos, to this city at once. Temporary quarters have been secured in the factory building on Sheldon street formerly occupied by the Henry & Wright Manufacturing Company..."

"The process of making perforated music rolls, although covered as far as may be by patents, is conducted in a very secret manner, and at the present time, suits in courts by several concerns allege that other concerns have stolen trade secrets from them. One that is being watched most interestedly is the suit of the Universal Music Company against three men who were formerly employed in its Meriden factory, and who subsequently formed the Aristo Music Company in New Jersey." (Excerpt from above.)


1914 - news mention

(6 December 1914). Aeolian Company’s business. Hartford Courant, p. 3. (Viewed 26 December 2018. D00498).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"That the gradual improvement in general business conditions has helped the Aeolian Company past the dead center, at which it was six weeks ago, but that the increase in business affects only the Meriden plant was the statement of the superintendent of the Hartford and Meriden factories yesterday. The orders that have come in are all being taken care of in Meriden and the plant there is working its full force, although only five and a half days in the week. The factory here is running with a much reduced force on the same time schedule." (Excerpt in full from above.)


1916 - advertisement

Aeolian Company, New York. (11 October 1916). Advertisement: "Makers of the Aeolian-Vocalion and largest manufacturers of musical instruments in the world" [with illustration of Weber small grand piano]. The Evening Post (New York, NY), p. 6, cols. 4-7. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E00911-13).

1916 - patent - perforated music-sheet

George B. Kelly, assignor to Aeolian Company, of Garwood, New Jersey, a corporation of Connecticut. (26 December 1916; filed 27 December 1913; renewed 16 May 1916). Letters patent no. 1,209,714; serial no. 808,983; renewed, serial no. 97,956: Perforated music-sheet. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01297).

1917 - advertisement

Aeolian Company, New York. (9 February 1917). Advertisement: "... This Aeolian Player-Piano with Mahogony Music Cabinet... " [with illustration of paino and music-roll cabinet]. The Evening World (New York, NY), presumably p. 4, cols. 1-5. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E00909-10).

1917 - patent - note-sheet for automatic musical instruments

Edwin Proudfit, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (13 March 1917; filed 18 February 1910; renewed 15 December 1916). Letters patent no. 1,218,698; serial no. 544,593; renewal serial no. 137,251: Note-sheet for automatic musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01294).

1918 - mention in history book

Hill, Everett G. (1918). A modern history of New Haven and eastern New Haven County, v. 1 [with mention of Aeolian Company, (p. 304)]. New York; Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. Viewed 3 November 2018. A00777-78; F00359).

"... The Aeolian Company was organized in 1887, when the demand for mechanically played musical instruments began to be positively manifested. It makes player pianos of a high grade, and its capital stock of $2,000,000 may indicate something of its place of importance in the instrument making world. It employs about 500 people..."


1918 patents

See the patents


1918 - patent - automatic musical instrument

Hermann B. Schaad, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (7 May 1918; filed 1 July 1916). Letters patent no. 1,264,981; serial no. 107,089: Automatic musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00370).

1918 - patent - expression-device control

James Wares Bryce, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (17 September 1918; filed 22 December 1916). Letters patent no. 1,278,845; serial no. 138,465: Expression-device control. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00371).

1918 - patent - phonograph-needle container

Charles H. Shaw, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (3 December 1918; filed 11 April 1917). Letters patent no. 1,286,809; serial no. 161,364: Phonograph-needle container. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00372).



1920s

1920 patents

See the patents


1920 - patent - music-sheet

Romaine Callender, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (27 January 1920; filed 30 August 1916). Letters patent no. 1,329,286; serial no. 117,673: Music-sheet. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00353).

1920 - patent - adjustable tracking device

Charles L. Emmons, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (10 February 1920; filed 21 April 1917). Letters patent no. 1,330,065; serial no. 163,639: Adjustable tracking device. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00354).

1920 - patent - sound-box

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 March 1920; filed 9 August 1917; renewed 9 October 1918). Letters patent no. 1,334,094; serial no. 185,316; renewal serial no. 257,530: Sound-box. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00387).

1920 - patent - acoustic diaphragm

Simon David Paddack, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (19 October 1920; filed 7 February 1918). Letters patent no. 1,356,399; serial no. 215,880 1/2: Acoustic diaphragm. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00388).

1920 - patent - automatic stop for phonographs

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (9 November 1920; filed 21 October 1918). Letters patent no. 1,358,312; serial no. 258,958: Automatic stop for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00486).

1920 - patent - automatic musical instrument

Joseph Hunter Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 November 1920; filed 28 August 1918). Letters patent no. 1,359,040; serial no. 251,784: Automatic musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00487).



1921 advertisements

See the ads


1921 - advertisement

O. J. DeMoll & Co., Washington, DC. (14 December 1921). Advertisement: "... Washington’s Aeolian Hall... Our Xmas Club Sale of the Greatest Player-Piano Value... This wonderful instrument is manufactured by the Aeolian Co. of New York... Vocalion Phonographs... " [with illustration of player-piano]. Evening Star (Washington, DC), p. 3, cols. 6-8. (Viewed 17 July 2019. C01023-25).

1921 - advertisement

O. J. DeMoll & Co., Washington, DC. (22 December 1921). Advertisement: ".... Washington’s Aeolian Hall... Xmas Sale in all departments... Vocalion with the great Aeolian name back of it... This Aeolian Player-Piano ... Vocalian Records... " [with illustrations of Vocalion and player-piano]. Evening Star (Washington, DC), p. 3, cols. 6-8. (Viewed 13 June 2019. F00907-10).



1921 patents

See the patents


1921 - patent - automatic musical instrument and music-sheet

Emilius William Scherr, Jr., assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (22 March 1921; filed 23 August 1916). Letters patent no. 1,372,560; serial 116,484: Automatic musical instrument and music-sheet. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00373).

1921 - patent - automatic stop mechanism

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (2 August 1921; filed 16 August 1917). Letters patent no. 1,386,057; serial no. 186,548: Automatic stop mechanism. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00374).

1921 - patent - tracking device

Charles L. Emmons, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (9 August 1921; filed 21 October 1920). Letters patent no. 1,387,371; serial no. 418,431: Tracking device. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00385).

1921 - patent - rewind device for phonographs

Joseph Hunter Dickinson and Louis Greiner Collyer, assignors to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (1 November 1921; filed 23 June 1916). Letters patent no. 1,395,802; serial no. 105,410: Rewind device for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00386).



1922 patents

See the patents


1922 - patent - repeat device for automatic pianos and the like

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (3 January 1922; filed 31 July 1918). Letters patent no. 1,402,230; serial no. 247,542: Repeat device for automatic pianos and the like. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00375).

1922 - patent - motor drive for phonographs

Joseph Hunter Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (7 February 1922; filed 20 March 1917). Letters patent no. 1,405,572; serial no. 156,120: Motor drive for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00376).

1922 - patent - apparatus for making phonograph records

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (13 June 1922; original application filed 15 March 1915; divided and this application 11 April 1919). Letters patent no. 1,419,851; original application serial no. 14,404; divided and this application serial no. 289,372: Apparatus for making phonograph records. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00490).

1922 - patent - adjustable connection for actuating arms

Louis Greiner Collyer, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (4 July 1922; filed 27 March 1919). Letters patent no. 1,421,408; serial no. 285,509: Adjustable connection for actuating arms. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00491).

1922 - patent - combined cabinet and piano

Joseph Hunter Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (8 August 1922; filed 5 November 1918). Letters patent no. 1,424,885; serial no. 261,240: Combined cabinet and piano. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00403).

1922 - patent - automatic musical instrument

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (8 August 1922; filed 10 September 1918). Letters patent no. 1,424,903; serial no. 253,446: Automatic musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00404).

1922 - patent - phonograph and the like

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (12 September 1922; filed 29 October 1917). Letters patent no. 1,429,204; serial no. 199,043: Phonograph and the like. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00405).

1922 - patent - design for a cabinet for phonographs

James Stuart Clingman, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 October 1922; filed 15 July 1921). Design no. 61,560; serial no. 485,092: Design for a cabinet for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00408).

1922 - patent - design for a cabinet for phonographs

James Stuart Clingman, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 October 1922; filed 15 July 1921). Design no. 61,561; serial no. 485,095: Design for a cabinet for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00410).

1922 - patent - design for a cabinet for phonographs

James Stuart Clingman, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 October 1922; filed 15 July 1921). Design no. 61,562; serial no. 485,097: design for a cabinet for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00411).

1922 - patent - design for a cabinet for phonographs

James Stuart Clingman, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 October 1922; filed 15 July 1921). Design no. 61,563; serial no. 485,098: design for a cabinet for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00409).

1922 - patent - design for a cabinet for phonographs

James Stuart Clingman, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 October 1922; filed 15 July 1921). Design no. 61,564; serial no. 485,099: Design for a cabinet for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00412).

1922 - patent - design for a cabinet for phonographs

James Stuart Clingman, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 October 1922; filed 15 July 1921). Design no. 61,565; serial no. 485,100: Design for a cabinet for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00413).

1922 - patent - design for a cabinet for phonographs

James Stuart Clingman, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 October 1922; filed 15 July 1921). Design no. 61,566; serial no. 485,101: Design for a cabinet for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00414).

1922 - patent - design for a cabinet for phonographs

William Millington, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 October 1922; filed 15 July 1921). Design no. 61,592; serial no. 485,084: Design for a cabinet for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00415).

1922 - patent - sound box

Charles H. Shaw, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (26 December 1922; filed 3 July 1918). Letters patent no. 1,439,981; serial no. 243,142: Sound box. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00406).

1922 - patent - sound box for phonographs

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (26 December 1922; original application filed 28 January 1916; divided and this application 8 January 1920). Letters patent no. 1,440,294; original application serial no. 74,781; divided and this application section no. 350,167: Sound box for phonographs. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00407).



1923 - spotlighted news mention - Aeolian Company in Better Homes Exposition, Hartford

(1 April 1923). "Complete list of exhibitors participating in The Better Homes Exposition at the State Armory" [Hartford, 2 - 14 April 1923, including "Aeolian Company, Duo-Art Pianos, 20 West 42d St., New York (with Meriden operations) ... "] Hartford Courant, p. A1. (Viewed 10 November 2018. D00427; D00500).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.


1923 patents

See the patents


1923 - patent - musical instrument operated by air under control of perforated tune sheets

Reginald Reynolds, assignor of one-half to Aeolian Company, of London, England. (2 January 1923; filed 24 June 1919). Letters patent no. 1,440,746; serial no. 306,318: Musical instrument operated by air under control of perforated tune sheets. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00377).

1923 - patent - tone-control device

Robert Head, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 January 1923; filed 24 August 1917). Letters patent no. 1,442,665; serial no. 188,020: Tone-control device. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00378).

1923 - patent - perforated-music-duplicating machine

Sterling W. Warner, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (30 January 1923; filed 9 October 1920). Letters patent no. 1,443,400; serial no. 415,846: Perforated-music-duplicating machine. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00488).

1923 - patent - automatic musical instrument

Joseph Hunter Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (13 February 1923; filed 5 November 1918). Letters patent no. 1,444,832; serial no. 281,239: Automatic musical instrument. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00489).

1923 - patent - sound box for sound-reproducing machines

Joseph Hunter Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (27 February 1923; filed 16 December 1919). Letters patent no. 1,446,886; serial no. 345,210: Sound box for sound-reproducing machines. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00499).

1923 - patent - mounting for diaphragms for acoustical instruments

Austin C. Lescarboura and Alexander Russell Bond, assignors to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (27 February 1923; filed 5 November 1918). Letters patent no. 1,446,911; serial no. 261,281: Mounting for diaphragms for acoustical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. F00500).

1923 - patent - multiple-record-magazine phonograph

Joseph Hunter Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (20 March 1923; filed 5 April 1917). Letters patent no. 1,448,733; serial no. 159,918: Multiple-record-magazine phonograph. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00401).

1923 - patent - sound box

Daniel F. Snyder, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (15 May 1923; filed 5 May 1920). Letters patent no. 1,454,909; serial no. 379.008: Sound box. (Viewed 22 December 2018. E00402).



1924 - news mention

(16 August 1924). Woolworth Co. leases Aeolian building in New York City. Hartford Courant, p. 5. (Viewed 26 December 2018. D00509).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"The Aeolian building, an eighteen story structure in Forty-second street, opposite the New York Public Library and which has been devoted largely to music, has been taken over on a sixty-three year lease by the F. W. Woolworth Co., which has announced that its store will use the first floor. Aeolian Hall, a music center of the city, now occupies part of the first floor..." (Excerpt from above.)


1924 - patent - gramophone

John Henry Draper and Harry William Palmer, assignors to Aeolian Company, of London, England. (1 April 1924; filed 16 August 1923). Letters patent no. 1,488,781; serial no. 657,770: Gramophone. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01293).

1925 articles

See the articles


1925 - news mention

(31 January 1925). Extra dividend by Seth Thomas Clock... Aeolian Co. will erect five factory buildings in New Jersey. Hartford Courant, p. 18. (Viewed 3 Novmber 2018. D00511).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"... The Aeolian Co., of Meriden, has awarded the contract for five new factory buildings to be erected at Garwood, N.J. to H. Wales Lines of Meriden. There will be seven vapor kilns; a pipe organ building of four stories in height; an erection building; shipping shed and expansion of the pianola building ... " (Excerpt from above.)


1925 - news mention

(25 July 1925). Spencer Turbine enlarging plant; Aeolian Co. acquires additional factory property. Hartford Courant, p. 14. (Viewed 26 December 2018. D00513).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"The Aeolian Company has purchased the Hallett & Davis Piano Company plant at Neponsett, Mass. The factory includes 300,000 square feet of manufacturing space and the property covers eleven acres. The Aeolian Company is completing three buildings at [Garwood], N. J." (Excerpt in full from above.)




1925 - advertisement

S. Baumann, Freeport, NY. (24 April 1925). Advertisement: "Announcing the Appointment of S. Bauman as exclusive representative in Freeport and Vicinity of the Aeolian Company; New York; London; Paris; Madrid; Melbourne; Sydney... Aeolian Hall, New York... " [with illustration of Aeolian Hall]. The Daily Review (Freeport, New York), p. 12. (Viewed 28 June 2019. E009 04-05).

1926 - spotlighted advertisement - Aeolian Co. in State Armory, Hartford exposition

(14 March 1926). Advertisement: "These merchants and manufacturers... at the State Armory March 20-27... will exhibit their products and services... Aeolian Co. (New York) ... " Hartford Courant, p. C8. (Viewed 10 November 2018. D00429).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.


1926 patents

See the patents


1926 - patent - lighting means for automatic pianos and the like

Francis L. Young, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (26 October 1926; filed 15 June 1923). Letters patent no. 1,604,671; serial no. 645,571: Lighting means for automatic pianos and the like. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B001298).

1926 - patent - suspension for electric motors

Sterling W. Warner, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (21 December 1926; filed 23 February 1923). Letters patent no. 1,611,796; serial no. 620,859: Suspension for electric motors. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B001299).



1927 patents

See the patents


1927 - patent - pneumatic motor

Fred Volare, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (4 January 1927; filed 26 October 1923). Letters patent no. 1,613,146; serial no. 670,887: Pneumatic motor. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00351).

1927 - patent - keyboard for organs and the like

John W. Starkie, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (5 April 1927; filed 29 April 1923). Letters patent no. 1,623,211; serial no. 648,586: Keyboard for organs and the like. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00352).



1928 - patent - pitman for pneumatic motors

Fred Volare, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (24 July 1928; original application filed 26 October 1923; this application 11 June 1926). Letters patent no. 1,677,908; original application serial no. 670,887; this application serial no. 115,259: Pitman for pneumatic motors. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01290).


1929 patents

See the patents


1929 - patent - expression regulator for player pianos

Tolbert F. Cheek, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (5 March 1929; filed 31 March 1924). Letters patent no. 1,704,078; serial no. 703,018: Expression regulator for player pianos. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00355).

1929 - patent - instruction device for musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (17 September 1929; filed 28 August 1926; renewed 28 January 1929). Letters patent no. 1,728,191; serial no. 132,277: Instruction device for musical instruments. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00356).

- patent - automatic piano

Joseph Hunter Dickinson, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (5 November 1929; filed 22 December 1922). Letters patent no. 1,734,717; serial no. 608,524: Automatic piano. (Viewed 22 December 2018. C00379).



1930s

1930 - news mention

(29 June 1930). Meriden [with mention: "... The Aeolian Co., is extremely busy in the production of marine hardware in addition to their regular line... "]. Hartford Courant, p. E19. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00515).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1930 - spotlighted news mention

AP. (19 December 1930). Aeolian company moving factory from Meriden. Hartford Courant, p. 3. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00516).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"The Aeolian Company’s plant here was being dismantled today and all equipment will be moved to Garwood, N.J. for the purpose of centralizing the company, it was announced by Elmer F. Brooks, superintendent. The local unit employed about 100 hands and about 20 of these plan to go to New Jersey when operations are begun there. It will take about three months to remove the equipment, it was said." (Excerpt in full from above.)


1930 - patent - perforating machine and the like

Robert Head, assignor to the Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (1 April 1930; filed 29 July 1924). Letters patent no. 1,753,148; serial no. 728,856: Perforating machine and the like. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01292).

1931 - spotlighted news mention

AP. (12 December 1931). Aeolian-Skinner Organ consolidation approved [short, three-paragraph article]. Hartford Courant, p. 18. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00517).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"Stockholders today approved a consolidation of the Skinner Organ Co., of Boston and the pipe organ division of the Aeolian Co., of New York under the name Aeolian Skinner Organ Co., Inc. The change is effective January 2... " (Excerpt from above.)


1931 - patent - electromagnet valve device

Leslie N. Leet, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (15 December 1931; filed 28 March 1929). Letters patent no. 1,836,077; serial no. 350,570: Electromagnet valve device. (Viewed 22 December 2018. B01291).

1932 - spotlighted news mention

AP. (30 July 1932). Two manufacturers of pianos merge. Hartford Courant, p. 17. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00518).

* See worldcat.org for locations.

"The Aeolian Company and the American Piano Company, two of the largest manufacturers of musical instruments in the country, today announced their consolidation in a new company to be known as the Aeolian American Corporation. Stockholders of both companies have approved the merger." (Excerpt in full from above.)



With Design Meriden’s area focus, and the Meriden factory dismantled in 1930, our focus on Aeolian stops here at 1932 with key events. Entries that follow refer to the historical pre-1930 history of the company.



1940s

1946 - news mention

AP. (23 February 1946). Two New York buildings are purchased by Yale. ["One building is the 18-story former Aeolian building located at 29 to 33 West 42d Street..."] Hartford Courant, p. 1. (Viewed 26 December 2018. D00519).

* See worldcat.org for locations.


1950s

1956 - mention in history book

Wendover, Sanford H. (1956). 150 years of Meriden (with mention of Aeolian Company [p. 120]: "made [player pianos] and went into the phonograph record business in its later operations there"). Meriden: Meriden Sesquicentennial Committee. [Published in connection with the observance of the city’s sesquicentennial, June 17-23, 1956]. (Viewed 4 November 2018. A00789-90; F00378-82).