Aeolian Company designs in collections, at auction, in exhibitions, design catalogues and historical information [webpage in development]

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| Design Meriden | 31 October 2018 | Updated 10 November 2018


A. Aeolian Company (Meriden, CT operations) designs in collections


Info/photo status: = info and photo online
= info online, no photo
= completely offline


This section is in development.


B. Aeolian Company designs at auction


This section is in development.


C. Aeolian Company designs in exhibitions


1880s

1889 - Exposition at Delavan Opera House, Meriden

10 October 1889. Exposition at Delavan Opera House, Meriden, on the occasion of the visit of the International American Congress.

> Exhibited by Aeolian Organ And Music Company, two Aeolian organs, one made of walnut and the other mahogany. Spanish music was played in honor of the visitors.

  • For documentation, see design catalogues and historical information section below.


1900s

1906 - Hanover Park, Meriden exhibition

11 - 16 June 1906. Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition, Hanover Park, Meriden, CT.

> The Aeolian Company exhibited "the pianola, a pianola piano, a Weber grand piano and the orchestrelle made by the company".

  • For documentation, see design catalogues and historical information section below.


1920s

1923 - Better Homes Exposition, Hartford

2 - 14 April 1923. Better Homes Exposition, Hartford, Connecticut.

> Unspecified designs exhibited by Aeolian Co.

  • For documentation, see design catalogues and historical information section below.

1926 - Better Homes Exhibition, Hartford

20 - 27 March 1926. Better Homes Exhibition at the State Armory, Hartford, CT.

> Unspecified designs exhibited by Aeolian Co. (New York, with Meriden operations).

  • For documentation, see design catalogues and historical information section below.


D. Aeolian Company - design catalogues and historical information (by year)


Material status: = online
= link to more info
= completely offline


1880s

Various newspapers, magazines and other sources

(c. 1887-). Various newspapers, magazines and other sources - search engines. (Updated 5 March 2018.)

1889 - missing booklet accompanying exposition - Aeolian at Meriden opera house

(1889). Meriden Journal Souvenir [leather-bound booklet containing a list of the manufactories contributing to the exhibition at the Delavan Opera House, Meriden, 10 October 1889, and other companies in Meriden], 4 pp. (Viewed 29 October 2018. L00763; L00765-68).

1889 - spotlighted news mention - in Delavan Opera House exposition

(10 October 1889). Our guests: Honored visitors here to-day [including section of Aeolian Organ & Music Company]. Meriden Daily Journal, p. 1. (Viewed 29 October 2018. L00769-83).

"... The two Aeolian organs show the Aeolian Organ & Music Co. were beauties, and the finest finished instruments made at the factory. One was of walnut and the other mahogany, with regular piano cases. Spanish music was played by the organs, as a recognition of the foreign visitors."


1889 - news mention - in Delavan Opera House exposition

(10 October 1889). Our guests: Honored visitors here to-day [including mention of Aeolian Organ & Music Organ Company]. Meriden Daily Journal, p. 1. (Viewed 29 October 2018. L00769-83).

1889 - news mention - Meriden opera house exhibition

(11 October 1889). The show photographed: Fine pictures of the Opera House exhibit made. ["The best of them will be forwarded to Frank Leslie’s paper— what the state and New York press has to say about Meriden", with excerpts from Hartford Courant, Hartford Times, New Haven Register, New York Herald, New York Tribune, Waterbury Republican, with no specific mention of Aeolian Organ & Music Co.] Meriden Daily Journal, p. 1. (Viewed 14 September 2018. L00785-89).


1890s

1891 patents

See the patents


1891 - patent - organ

Joseph Herbert Chase and James B. Tracy, of Meriden, assignors to the Aeolian Organ and Music Company, of New York, NY. (20 January 1891; filed 14 October 1889). Letters patent no. 445,044; serial no. 327,039: Organ. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00364).

1891 - patent - music-sheet for mechanical musical instruments

William A. Webber, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Organ and Music Company, of New York, NY. (12 May 1891; filed 29 January 1891). Letters patent no. 452,203; serial no. 379,596: Music-sheet for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00365).



1894 - patent - musical instrument

Joseph H. Chase and James B. Tracy, of Meriden, assignors to the Aeolian Organ and Music Company, of New York, NY. (22 May 1894; filed 10 May 1992). Letters patent no. 520,297; serial no. 507,318: Musical instrument. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00363).

1896 - advertisement

Cluett & Sons, Plattsburgh, NY. (11 July 1896). Advertisement: "... Aeolian organ, plays any music ever written..." [with no illustrations]. Plattsburgh Daily Press (Plattsburgh, NY), presumably p. 4, col. 4. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00350).


1896 patents

See the patents


1896 - patent - exhauster or feeder for musical-organ bellows

Joseph Herbert Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of Meriden. (22 September 1896; filed 7 March 1896). Letters patent no. 568,310; serial no. 582,237: Exhauster or feeder for musical-organ bellows. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00366).

1896 - patent - organ

Joseph H. Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (27 October 1896; filed 31 December 1894). Letters patent no. 570,200; serial no. 604,674: Organ. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00367).

1896 - patent - tempo indicator and governor for musical instruments

Joseph Herbert Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (24 November 1896; filed 27 May 1896). Letters patent no. 571,746; serial no. 593,357: Tempo indicator and governor for musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00378).



c. 1897 - historical information

Davis, William T. (Ed.) (c. 1897). On "Aeolian Co.", (p. 928). In The New England states, their constitutional, judicial, educational, commercial, professional and industrial history, vol. 2. Boston: D. H. Hurd & Co. (Viewed 31 October 2018. A02626; A02631.)

"... The Aeolian Co., manufacturers of self-playing musical instruments and music, was organized in 1887 with a capital stock of $225,000. Their factory is located on Tremont street, corner of Cambridge, and a large force of hands are daily employed... "


1899 - spotlighted news mention

(21 December 1899). Aeolian Organ Company’s purchase. Hartford Courant, p. 3. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00484).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.
"The Aeolian Organ Company of Meriden, organized in 1887 with a capital stock of $225,000, has recently bought the plant and business of the Votey Organ Company of Detroit, Mich., and will move the business of the latter plant to Garwood, N. J. The Aeolian Company of Meriden has recently taken over the property and business of the Vocalian Company of Worcester, Mass., and is now running it together with the Meriden company’s plant." (Excerpt if full from above.)

(Excerpt from above.)


1899 - advertisement

Goetz & Co., Brooklyn, NY. (3 December 1899). Advertisement: "... Aeolian organs. Several rolls of music go with each..." [with no illustrations]. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY), p. 19, col. 3. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00351-52).


1899 patents

See the patents


1899 - patent - primary valve for automatic organs

Joseph H. Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (27 June 1899; filed 20 April 1898). Letters patent no. 627,570; serial no. 678,215: Primary valve for automatic organs. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00368).

1899 - patent - pedal attachment for automatic playing devices

Robert W. Pain, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (8 August 1899; filed 4 February 1899). Letters patent no. 630,557; serial no. 704,505: Pedal attachment for automatic playing devices. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00369).

1899 - patent - guide for pianolas

Robert W. Pain, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (8 August 1899; filed 4 February 1899). Letters patent no. 630,558; serial no. 704,506: Guide for pianolas. (Viewed 2 November 2018. E00390).

1899 - patent - electromechanical perforating-machine

George Howlett Davis, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (8 August 1899; filed 12 December 1894). Letters patent no. 630,598; serial no. 531,594: Electromechanical perforating-machine. (Viewed 2 November 2018. E00391).

1899 - patent - adjustable caster

Joseph Herbert Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of Meriden. (10 October 1899; filed 18 February 1899). Letters patent no. 634,803; serial no. 705,989: Adjustable caster. (Viewed 2 November 2018. E00392).

1899 - patent - tempo indicator and governor for musical instruments

Joseph Herbert Chase, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (12 December 1899; filed 30 June 1898). Letter patent no. 638,955; serial no. 684,793: Tempo indicator and governor for musical instruments. (Viewed 2 November 2018. E00393).



Click to see designs in collections and historical documentation about another musical instrument manufacturer in Meriden, the Wilcox & White Co. Plus check out other accomplished historical companies from the area on the Design Meriden micro-site homepage.



1900s

1900 - news mention

(29 March 1900). Will not remove from Meriden [one-paragraph article]. Hartford Courant, p. 1. [Special to the Courant, Meriden, March 23.] (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00486).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"There have been a number of rumors that the Aeolian Organ Company of this city [Meriden] would move to New Jersey. It employs a large number of hands. It was announced to-day that the company would remain here and it would increase its plant by a large addition to the factory." (Excerpt in full from above.)


1900 - patent - musical instrument

Robert W. Pain, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (17 April 1900; filed 20 April 1898). Letters patent no. 647,926; serial no. 678,228: Musical instrument. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00370).

1901 - patent - mechanical musical instrument

Peter Welin, of Worcester, MA, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of Meriden. (1 October 1901; filed 12 February 1901). Letters patent no. 683,825; serial no. 47,022: Mechanical musical instrument. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00371).


1902 patents

See the patents


1902 - patent - machine for cutting and printing stencil-sheets

Willard S. Pain, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, a corporation of Connecticut. (14 January 1902; filed 24 May 1901). Letters patent no. 690,991; serial no. 61,693: Machine for cutting and printing stencil-sheets. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00373).

1902 - patent - controller for mechanical musical instruments

Francis Lincoln Young, of London, England, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (11 February 1902; filed 15 November 1901). Letters patent no. 692,968; serial no. 82,393: Controller for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00374).

1902 - patent - device for marking perforated music-sheets with a line indicating an effect to be produced

Francis Lincoln Young, of London, England, assignor to Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (11 February 1902; filed 15 November 1901). Letters patent no. 692,969; serial no. 82,394: Device for marking perforated music-sheets with a line indicating an effect to be produced. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00338).

1902 - patent - musical instrument

William G. Spiegel, of New York, NY, assignor of one-half to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. (25 March 1902; filed 11 June 1901). Letters patent no. 695,958; serial no. 64,123: Musical instrument. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00339).

1902 - patent - mechanical musical instrument

Charles Lewis Emmons, of Cranford, NJ, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (29 April 1902; filed 2 December 1901). Letters patent no. 698,480; serial no. 84,425: Mechanical musical instrument. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00340).

1902 - patent - perforated music-sheet for automatic musical instruments

Charles Harris Shaw, of Brooklyn, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 September 1902; filed 20 March 1902). Letters patent no. 709,054; serial no. 99,045: Perforated music-sheet for automatic musical instruments. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00353).

1902 - patent - tracker for musical instruments

Edwin S. Votey, of Summit, NJ, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (28 October 1902; filed 19 December 1901). Letters patent no. 712,162; serial no. 86,596: Tracker for musical instruments. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00354).

1902 - patent - mechanical musical instrument

Edwin S. Votey, of Summit, NJ, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (30 December 1902; filed 2 November 1901). Letters patent no. 717,146; serial no. 80,940: Mechanical musical instrument. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00355).



1903 patents

See the patents


1903 - patent - machine for cutting music-sheets for mechanical musical instruments

Willard S. Pain, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Co., of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (6 January 1903; filed 24 May 1901). Letters patent no. 717,759; serial no. 61,694: Machine for cutting music-sheets for mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00375).

1903 - patent - music-roll

George Bradford Kelly, of Jamaica Plain, MA, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (13 January 1903; filed 15 August 1902). Letters patents no. 718,256; serial no. 119,790: Music-roll. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00376).

1903 - patent - scale for musical instruments

Daniel Howard Haywood, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (13 January 1903; filed 2 December 1901). Letters patent no. 718,346; serial no. 84,295: Scale for musical instruments. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00357).



1904 patents

See the patents


1904 - patent - means for regulating the expression of mechanical musical instruments

Robert W. Pain, of New York, NY, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (15 March 1904; filed 21 August 1903). Letters patent no. 754,886; serial no. 170,362: Means for regulating the expression of mechanical musical instruments. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00379).

1904 - patent - means for securing end flanges to music-roll spools

Willard S. Pain, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (19 July 1904; filed 30 April 1904). Letters patent no. 765,591; serial no. 205,771: Means for securing end flanges to music-roll spools. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00380).

1904 - patent - music-roll for pianolas, etc.

Willard S. Pain, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY. a corporation of Connecticut. (16 August 1904; filed 16 July 1903). Letters patent no. 767,830; serial no. 135,772: Music-roll for pianolas, etc. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00358).



1905 - patent - note-sheet

Frank Taft, of Montclair, NJ, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of New York, NY, a corporation of Connecticut. (10 January 1905; filed 23 July 1902). Letters patent no. 779,677; serial no. 116,707: Note-sheet. (Viewed 3 November 2018. F00356).

1906 - spotlighted news mention - in Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition

(14 June 1906). Fourth day of the Centennial; Big attendance at pure food exhibition [with mention of Aeolian in Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition, Hanover Park, Meriden]. Meriden Morning Record, p. 1, cols. 2-3 & p. 7. col. 3. (appears to be an article reprint of the Meriden Weekly Republican article, or vice-versa.) (Viewed 23 October 2018. B01188-92).

"... In the center of the casino is the Aeolian company’s exhibit. LeRoy H. Moon, of New York, is in charge of this exhibit, in which are shown the pianola, a pianola piano, a Weber grand piano and the orchestrelle made by the company. Mr. Moon is an expert and the concerts he gives during the afternoon and evening are greatly enjoyed..."


1906 - news mention - in Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition

(14 June 1906). Fourth day of the Centennial; Big attendance at pure food exhibition [/ Manufacturers’ and Varied Art Exposition with mention of Wilcox & White.] Meriden Weekly Republican, p. 1, cols. 2-3 & p. 8 (see Meriden Morning Record above; this page is not visible). (Viewed 21 October 2018. B01179-81).


1906 patents

See the patents


1906 - patent - automatic musical instrument

Morris S. Wright, of Worcester, MA, assignor to Aeolian Company, a corporation of Connecticut. (16 October 1906; filed 7 April 1902). Letters patent no. 833,362; serial no. 101,624: Automatic musical instrument. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00377).

1906 - patent - perforated music-sheet for mechanical musical instruments

George Swift, of Meriden, assignor to the Aeolian Company, of Meriden and New York, NY. (4 December 1906; filed 9 March 1900). Letters patent no. 837,517; serial no. 8052. (Viewed 1 November 2018. E00372).



1910s

1913 - news article

(8 August 1913). Music roll firm will come here; Subsidiary company of the Aeolian Company of Meriden to establish factory [two-paragraph article]. Hartford Courant, p. 2. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00490).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"The Aeolian Company of Meriden, the largest piano and player-piano manufacturer in the world, is to move part of the business of the Universal Music Company, a subsidiary company devoted entirely to the manufacture of perforated paper music rolls for player-pianos, to this city at once. Temporary quarters have been secured in the factory building on Sheldon street formerly occupied by the Henry & Wright Manufacturing Company..."

"The process of making perforated music rolls, although covered as far as may be by patents, is conducted in a very secret manner, and at the present time, suits in courts by several concerns allege that other concerns have stolen trade secrets from them. One that is being watched most interestedly is the suit of the Universal Music Company against three men who were formerly employed in its Meriden factory, and who subsequently formed the Aristo Music Company in New Jersey." (Excerpt from above.)


1918 - mention in history book

Hill, Everett G. (1918). A modern history of New Haven and eastern New Haven County, v. 1 [with mention of Aeolian Company, (p. 304)]. New York; Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. Viewed 3 November 2018. A00777-78; F00359).

"... The Aeolian Company was organized in 1887, when the demand for mechanically played musical instruments began to be positively manifested. It makes player pianos of a high grade, and its capital stock of $2,000,000 may indicate something of its place of importance in the instrument making world. It employs about 500 people..."


1920s

1923 - spotlighted news mention - Aeolian Company in Better Homes Exposition, Hartford

(1 April 1923). "Complete list of exhibitors participating in The Better Homes Exposition at the State Armory" [Hartford, including "Aeolian Company, Duo-Art Pianos, 20 West 42d St., New York (with Meriden operations) ... "] Hartford Courant, p. A1. (Viewed 10 November 2018. D00427; D00500).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1925 - news mention

(31 January 1925). Extra dividend by Seth Thomas Clock... Aeolian Co. will erect five factory buildings in New Jersey. Hartford Courant, p. 18. (Viewed 3 Novmber 2018. D00511).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"... The Aeolian Co., of Meriden, has awarded the contract for five new factory buildings to be erected at Garwood, N.J. to H. Wales Lines of Meriden. There will be seven vapor kilns; a pipe organ building of four stories in height; an erection building; shipping shed and expansion of the pianola building ... " (Excerpt from above.)


1926 - spotlighted advertisement - Aeolian Co. in State Armory, Hartford exposition

(14 March 1926). Advertisement: "These merchants and manufacturers... at the State Armory March 20-27... will exhibit their products and services... Aeolian Co. (New York) ... " Hartford Courant, p. C8. (Viewed 10 November 2018. D00429).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.


1930s

1930 - news mention

(29 June 1930). Meriden [with mention: "... The Aeolian Co., is extremely busy in the production of marine hardware in addition to their regular line... "]. Hartford Courant, p. E19. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00515).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1930 - spotlighted news mention

AP. (19 December 1930). Aeolian company moving factory from Meriden. Hartford Courant, p. 3. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00516).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"The Aeolian Company’s plant here was being dismantled today and all equipment will be moved to Garwood, N.J. for the purpose of centralizing the company, it was announced by Elmer F. Brooks, superintendent. The local unit employed about 100 hands and about 20 of these plan to go to New Jersey when operations are begun there. It will take about three months to remove the equipment, it was said." (Excerpt in full from above.)


1931 - spotlighted news mention

AP. (12 December 1931). Aeolian-Skinner Organ consolidation approved [short, three-paragraph article]. Hartford Courant, p. 18. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00517).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

"Stockholders today approved a consolidation of the Skinner Organ Co., of Boston and the pipe organ division of the Aeolian Co., of New York under the name Aeolian Skinner Organ Co., Inc. The change is effective January 2... " (Excerpt from above.)


1932 - spotlighted news mention

AP. (30 July 1932). Two manufacturers of pianos merge. Hartford Courant, p. 17. (Viewed 3 November 2018. D00518).

* See worldcat.org for locations.

"The Aeolian Company and the American Piano Company, two of the largest manufacturers of musical instruments in the country, today announced their consolidation in a new company to be known as the Aeolian American Corporation. Stockholders of both companies have approved the merger." (Excerpt in full from above.)


1950s

1956 - mention in history book

Wendover, Sanford H. (1956). 150 years of Meriden (with mention of Aeolian Company (p. 120): "made [player pianos] and went into the phonograph record business in its later operations there"). Meriden: Meriden Sesquicentennial Committee. [Published in connection with the observance of the city’s sesquicentennial, June 17-23, 1956]. (Viewed 4 November 2018. A00789-90; F00378-82).