Emily Hall Tremaine -
Tremaine Collection / Miller Company:
Compilations and documentation

See the list of former Tremaine Collection artworks and associated designs below.


Victory Boogie Woogie  Mondrian Emily diamonds emily hall tremaine three american flags
Oscar Niemeyer Tremaine House maquette Morris Lapidus Miller Company interior design concept



This Emily Hall Tremaine -Tremaine Collection / Miller Company micro-site at artdesigncafe is the authoritative, researched source and centralized, online disseminator of information focused on the Modernist art and design achievements of Emily Hall Tremaine (1908-87) and Burton Tremaine (c. 1902-91).

Overlooked for too many years and falling through various cracks, artdesigncafe took action starting in 2016 with this Tremaine / Miller Co. documentation recovery and dissemination pursuit. The effort has resulted in many taking another closer look at their highly influential art and design organizing and collecting work, an important force in Post-World War II American Modernism.

With the Tremaine’s initial Modernist Painting toward Architecture (1947-52) crossover power engine and interest in varied creative fields— fine art, architecture, product design, interior design, graphic design, new patented lighting technology, and world-class communications, it is expected that the Tremaine work will be of historical interest for decades and centuries to come.


OVERVIEW OF SECTIONS

A. Continued overview re. the work of Emily Hall Tremaine and Burton Tremaine
B. Painting toward Architecture (1947-52) information and sources
C. Miller Company (focus: 1923-85) information and sources
D. Exhibitions and publications regarding works in the former Tremaine Collection
E. Spotlight: Tremaine Collection exhibition (1984) and auctions (1988, 1991)
F. Spotlight: The Tremaines and Louise Lawler
G. Publications mentioning Emily Hall Tremaine (1944-present)
H. Regarding the Emily Hall Tremaine papers at the Smithsonian
I. Mystery, danger & misunderstandings: Emily Hall Tremaine in the 1930s
J. Emily and fashion design over the years
K. Developing list of artworks in the former collection and related designs


Like some art people you may know, Emily’s artworks were her children. In the coming years, it is expected that a catalogue raisonné of the highest quality will be published to honor the extraordinary work of Emily Hall Tremaine and Burton Tremaine. Contact Emily’s foundation to inquire about the current status.



A. Continued introduction - Emily Hall Tremaine and Burton Tremaine: A dynamic force in American Modern art and design

Over the years, there were many art and finds by the Tremaines, often purchased early on in artist’s careers. Their acquisitions included Andy Warhol’s Marilyn diptych (1962), voted the third most influential Modern artwork in 2004 in a Turner Prize survey. Emily is credited with suggesting the two panels be placed side-by-side. In 1980, she sold the artwork to the Tate Gallery in London. Other finds include Jasper Johns’s Three flags (1958), since 1980 at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York and featured on several, varied publication covers. In the Netherlands, Emily is known as the first owner of Piet Mondrian’s Victory Boogie Woogie (1942-44), a prized artwork in the country today. At the official unveiling of VBW in The Hague in 1998 after the purchase was Dutch Queen Beatrix with curators comparing the work’s significance to, among others, the Mona Lisa. Yes, the Mona Lisa.

See more


Design commissions over the years by the Tremaines included the unbuilt Tremaine House (1948) by Oscar Niemeyer and Roberto Burle Marx, recognized for fusing rectilinear and organic orientations in art and design at an important time in America. The Tremaines even had a hand in Walter de Maria’s iconic Lightning field (1977), letting the artist set up and test the work on their land in Arizona, prior to the siting in New Mexico.

Before PtA in the 1930s, Emily Hall Tremaine worked in the publishing field, achieving national level media attention for her work and also her life. However, it was only after meeting and marrying Burton Tremaine that her interest and exhibition of artworks took off. It is their conversations that are understood to have developed the Tremaine Collection and the power of their selections can be seen in the exhibitions of the works to the present day.

Also contributing to the former Tremaine Collection discussion are: Louise Lawler’s Tremaine Pictures— both photoworks and new, related editions, over 200 so far— showing Tremaine-owned artworks in their New York and Connecticut interiors; and the selected Tremaine-owned works in the well-known 1988 and 1991 Christie’s auctions after Emily’s death. Further, criticism by the Guerrilla Girls for the male-only artist selection of works that ended up at auction also contribute to the discussion with continued exhibition of their critical poster. (However, note that numerous works by female artists collected by the Tremaines over the years were left out at the auction, not at Sotheby’s as stated in the artwork, but Christie’s).

Further, off in Australia and circling back to Painting toward architecture, the impact of the initial project is well-known via the work of architect Harry Seidler. Over the years, Seidler frequently mentioned the influence of the Painting toward architecture book and its impact on his work. In fact, after Emily’s death, he later acquired an important Van Doesburg work in the original PtA, an image featured in a travelling exhibition of his work in the 2010s, and the artwork was later donated to the National Gallery of Australia in Canberra.




B. Painting toward Architecture (1947-52 / 1944 - c. 1960)

"The part that the Medicis played in Renaissance Italy can be best approximated today by such great corporations as those that I have named and the fact that the Miller [Company] recently won an award for having made the best use of the fine arts to promote high standard in the [caliber] of their own products is truly significant." (Adelyn D. Breeskin, Director, Baltimore Museum of Art, excerpt from speech, 4 April 1948, at opening of Painting toward Architecture, at one of 28+ venues.)


After decades under historical dust, Painting toward architecture (1947-52) since 2017 has gained attention and is being revisited— and often looked at in any depth for the first time— by Modern art and design scholars. However, more extensive documentation recovery of the important Post-WWII initiative is needed.


See PTA resources


B.1: Overview article - "Rethinking ’Painting toward architecture’ (2017)"

B.2: Painting toward architecture - Miller Co. press release

B.3: Painting toward architecture: Documentation and historical information

B.4: Painting toward architecture - artworks and designs

B.5: Spotlight - "Painting toward architecture: Three works, three histories, three Modern mysteries" (2017) (on Mondrian’s Victory Boogie Woogie and other VBW representations; unbuilt Tremaine House designed by Niemeyer and Burle Marx; and the unbuilt design by Frank Lloyd Wright for Meteor Crater)

B.6: Spotlight - "Van Doesburg artworks in Painting toward Architecture"


Current state of documentation: At this juncture, any original archive of PtA-era documentation that may have been maintained at an earlier time is presumed lost. If you know of anything, please do contact artdesigncafe.com. Important details of this history have to date, been lost.

The Emily Hall Tremaine’s papers at the Smithsonian (see section H. below) do not include exhibition files prior to 1962. There are bits and pieces of documentation scattered in the papers and difficult to find quickly, and nothing as of 2021 is yet organized at that resource for this era. artdesigncafe took documentation recovery action starting in 2016 and as of 2021, the documentation listed above functions as the Painting toward architecture archive.



C. Miller Company (1923-1985 focus)

The Miller Company work focused on residential and then commercial lighting. Research is needed to better understand the strands of Modernism at the company, particularly related to 1930s lighting design, particularly by Leroy C. Doane, and Burton Tremaine’s design management. This is important to understanding the predecessor work leading to Painting toward Architecture (1947-52). Currently very little is known.

Below are links to two developing documentation compilations by artdesigncafe.


See Miller Company documentation


C.1: Miller Company product designs in collections, historical lighting installations, and exhibitions. (See 1945-65 for occasional art - graphic design - product design - interior design - architecture PtA-era crossovers.)

C.2: Miller Company design catalogues and historical information. (See 1945-65 for occasional art - graphic design - product design - interior design - architecture PtA-era crossovers.)



D. Exhibitions and publications regarding works in the former Tremaine Collection

Combining her great eye for emerging contemporary art and rock-solid communications skills, Emily Hall Tremaine enabled her artworks to be in hundreds of exhibitions and shown and mentioned in hundreds of publications. A full understanding of this extensive work is in process.

Below are links to resources developed by artdesigncafe:


See the resources



E. Spotlight: Tremaine Collection exhibition (1984) and auctions (1988, 1991)

The Tremaine Collection exhibition (1984) at the Wadworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut, was an important exhibition showing a selection of the later state of the collection. It is important to note that many works prior were donated, sold or traded for other artworks. Regarding the artworks in the 1988 and 1991 auctions, these are listed, as shown in the catalogue for quick reference.

Below are links to resources developed by artdesigncafe:


See the resources



F. Spotlight: The Tremaines and Louise Lawler

Louise Lawler’s Tremaine pictures series is an important disseminator of the Tremaine art legacy. However, the "Tremaine" connection over the years at times has been lost across the number of photos and later manifestations by the artist. The compilation below identifies the photos, and the artworks shown in the photos, for researchers.


F.1: Louise Lawler. The Tremaine pictures. List of photoworks (with Tremaine-owned artworks identified in the photos) (2007)



G. Publications mentioning Emily Hall Tremaine (1944-present)

An important creative force in Post-WWII America, Emily Hall Tremaine was mentioned in several artistic contexts across art, design and communications in a variety of publications.

Please note, many publications that mention Tremaine-owned works also mention the Tremaines in some way. This can be seen via photo credits, and regarding exhibitions, being listed as lenders.

Below is a developing selected compilation by artdesigncafe:


1940s text mentions

See the texts


1948 - article mention - Emily and Painting toward architecture

(19 January 1948). Art in the factory. Newsweek, p. 90. (Updated 28 August 2021. AAA00300.)

"’This is no Barnum & Bailey play,’ says Mrs. Burton G. Tremaine, Jr., art director of the company and wife of its owner. ’Our scheme is directed toward a small industrial audience— engineers and designers who have open minds, or they wouldn’t be in the business. We reach up to them, not down.’" (Excerpt from article above.)


  • Offline - see worldcat.org for locations.

1948 - article mention - Emily and Painting toward architecture

(February 1948). Art for architecture’s sake. Interiors, pp. 76-81. (Updated 2 June 2018. AAA00294; AAA03308.)

"There are certain differences between the Milller collection and those of the giant corporations we mentioned... the important difference lies in the collection itself... unlike the average company collection, it was not assembled to meet the approval of the masses..."

"We cannot refrain from mentioning that the original idea for the program was contributed by Mrs. Burton G. Tremaine, Jr. who insists on staying in the background although she is entitled to official recognition not as the boss’s wife but as the company’s art director, and a skilled hand at advertising techniques." (Excerpt from article above.)


  • Offline - see worldcat.org for location.

1948 - book review mention - Emily and Painting toward architecture

D. D. (1 October 1948), “Painting toward architecture” [book review]. Architectural Forum, 89(4), pp. 158-59. (Updated 28 August 2021. AAA00240.)

"The key to Mr. Hitchcock’s text is in the title’s connective word toward which might imply a sense of distance as well as direction... through Mrs. Burton Tremaine, wife of the president, the whole program has been intelligently and, from a commercial point of view, unostentatiously made available to public appreciation." (Excerpt from above.)


  • Offline - see worldcat.org for possible locations.

1949 - exhibition guide - Emily as jury alternate for MoMA advertising / editorial art show

(1949). A guide to the 28th Annual Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art of the New York Art Directors Club [15 March - 17 April 1949], (third page). ["Jury members... alternates... Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Jr.; Art Director; The Miller Company... ".] Museum of Modern Art, New York. (Viewed 28 August 2021. AAA00563).

1949 - press release - Emily as jury alternate for MoMA advertising / editorial art show

(c. February 1949). Press release: Museum exhibits selections from Art Directors Club annual competition [with mention: "Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Jr., Art Director, The Miller Company, alternate"; she’s the only woman listed in the entire group]. Exhibition: The 28th Annual Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art of the New York Art Directors Club; Museum of Modern Art, New York (15 March - 17 April 1949). (Viewed 28 August 2021. Q00222).




1960s text mentions

See the texts


1965 - article mention - Emily and Washington Gallery of Modern Art exhibition

Hudson, Andrew. (26 September 1965). The show’s simply too large for the gallery [with mention of several loaned works by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine, and mention of exhibition at the former Washington Gallery of Modern Art, Washington, DC]. Washington Post, G9. (Viewed 31 August 2021. K01211).

"Why is the Washington Gallery of Modern Art showing an exhibition of ’20th century painting and sculpture’ culled from private collections in Connecticut? The answer according to the catalogue introduction written by Gerald Nordland, the Gallery’s director, is: because Emily Tremaine picked up a suggestion made at a meeting of the Gallery’s National Advisory Committee ’and romanced it into a full-scale program with one state’s private collections to be reviewed at the beginning of the season each year.’ ..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1966 - article mention

Zinsser, William K. (15 October - 1 November 1966). The Pop collectors. The East Village Other [New York], pp. 7-8. [Viewed 28 August 2021. EHT-08-04-02(-03); K01313].

"... Mr. Tremaine told me on the phone that he and his wife want no publicity... I put some questions to them by mail. These Mrs. Tremaine answered in a long and interesting letter ... The works that [the Pop collectors] bought so inexpensively have since become the old masters, in great demand for exhibitions here and abroad... they are generous stewards of their trust, constantly sending the works off like children bound for boarding school...

"... Except for Mrs. Tremaine, the pop art collectors are men..." (Excerpt from above.)


1967 - article mention

Witchel, Lawrence. (17 March 1967). The underground— where the action is; Checkbooks of wealthy have given respectability to Pop Art movement ["... Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Jr. are ’in’..."]. Tonawanda News (Tonawanda, New York), p. 8. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00272).

  • Online - fultonhistory.com. (Search the archive, "North Tonawanda NY Evening News 1967 Grayscale - 1306", and scroll down for the link.)

1967 - article mention

Witchel, Lawrence. (14 April 1967). The underground: Where the action is; Mini-skirted maids dig "the beat bit" [with mention of Emily Hall Tremaine]. Philadelphia Daily News, p. 34. (Viewed 28 August 2021. K01160).

"... Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Jr., are ’in’. They have a barn in Connecticut which always filled with a constantly-changing display of art which is one of the Nation’s most important collections of contemporary canvases, construction, assemblages and sculptures... " (Excerpt from above.)


  • Offline - see worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1969 - feature article

Baro, Gene. (15 February 1969). Decisive art collection [on the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine art collection with many photos of works in Tremaine interiors]. Vogue, pp. 132-41, 150, 152. (Viewed 30 August 2021. K01215-22).

"... Do the Tremaines always agree? They are tolerant of their differences, indulgent of one another’s enthusiasms. ’Personally, I don’t see it,’ Mr. Tremaine may say, deadpan, ’but Emily likes it, and she’s always right.’ In fact, these two have an exquisite sympathy that the visitor senses at once. The splendid collection represents both of them, yet is unified. It is as if it reflected a single sensibility, a single intelligence. Their give-and-take is a shared understanding." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.




1970s text mentions

See the texts


1970 - article mention

Cimons, Marlene (presumably) (Los Angeles Times). (12 October 1970). J. Carter Brown, National Gallery of Art Director, stacks up an impressive list of accomplishments [with mention of Tremaine Collection]. Watertown Daily News (Watertown, New York), p. 4. (Viewed 12 September 2021. Q00340).

"... Today Brown sits in a large airy office on the gallery’s first floor... [he] decked [the walls in his office] with several abstract and op art paintings borrowed from the collection of [Emily and] Burton Tremaine ..." (Excerpt from above.)


1971 - article mention, photo

Richard, Paul. (1 September 1971). Moving into the 20th century [article about the National Gallery of Art, and discussions about acquisition of the Tremaine Collection]. Washington Post, Style section, pp. D1, D8 (illustrated). (Updated 8 August 2021. K01206-07).

"... Though [J. Carter] Brown will not discuss it, it has been learned that he has been negotiating with [Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine] of Meriden, Conn., and New York City, whose collection of more than 300 pictures of the 20th century is among the world’s finest... " (Excerpt from above.)


  • Offline - see worldcat.org for possible locations.

1975 - article mention

Rose, Barbara. (March 1975). How I found paradise [with mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine in St. Martin]. Vogue, p. 162. (Viewed 29 August 2021. K01196).

"... If absolute elegance is what you’re after, stay at La Samanna; in the whitewashed terrace dining room... you might see Benny Goodman, Berry Gordy or Motown, art collectors [Burton and Emily Hall] Tremaine... At La Samanna, there are bizarre juxtapositions: millionaires from Madrid, politicos from Paris, journalists, artists, photographers, lawyers— the busiest people in the world who are looking for the quietest, most discreet spot in which to recharge. You could run into painters Jasper Johns, Mark Lancaster, and Sven Lukin; art dealers Betty Parsons, Lawrence Rubin, and Janie C. Lee ..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for possible locations.




1980-84 text mentions

See the texts


1980 - spotlighted article - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Glueck, Grace. (27 September 1980). Painting by Jasper Johns sold for million, a record [with photos of Three flags, the artist and published purchase invoice (1959 USD$900, [c/o] Miller Company, Meriden, CT); mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. New York Times, pp. 1, 12. (Viewed 29 August 2021. K01163-64).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - news brief - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

AP (New York). (27 September 1980). Johns’ painting sold for $1 million [re. Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; no photo]. Washington Post, p. A8. (Viewed 29 August 2021. K01167).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - article mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

(New York). (27 September 1980). Whitney Museum pays $1 million for Johns painting [Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. The Morning Call (Allentown, PA), p. 66. (Viewed 30 August 2021. K01165).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - news brief - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Possible wire service. (27 September 1980). Museum pays $1 million for painting [Jasper Johns’s Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. Atlanta Constitution, p. 3B. (Viewed 30 August 2021. K01318).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - photo / caption - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

AP Laserphoto. (28 September 1980). Photo / caption: $1 million for living artist’s work (Caption: "The Whitney Museum of American Art in New York has paid $1 million for a painting by Jasper Johns. The work, ’Three flags’ ... was sold... [by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]... "). Chicago Tribune, p. 2. (Viewed 2 September 2021. Q00235).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - feature article, photo - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Associated Press (New York). (28 September 1980). $1 million for living painter’s work [Jasper Johns’s Three flags, sold by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; with photo of artwork]. Philadelphia Inquirer, p. 26-A. (Viewed 1 September 2021. Q00233).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - article mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton & Emily Hall Tremaine

Krieger, R. E. (28 September 1980). People in the news [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine, regarding sale of artwork to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, for USD$1 million]. Hartford Courant, p. A2. (K01166).

  • See worldcat.org for possible locations, or contact area public library.

1980 - news brief - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

(NYTS, New York, Sept. 27). (28 September 1980). Record price [for Jasper Johns’s Three flags by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), p. 5. (Viewed 1 September 2021. Q00232).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - article mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

(29 September 1980). $1-million art sale amuses the artist [Jasper Johns re. Three flags sale by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. The Morning Call (Allentown, PA), p. A14. (Viewed 31 August 2021. K01171).

"... The Tremaines have a collection The [New York] Times says ’is known as one of the outstanding holdings of contemporary art in the United States’... The Times quoted [Johns] as saying he felt ’nothing other than amusement’ about the selling price..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - news brief - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

UPI (New York). (29 September 1980). Johns work sold for $1 million [Three flags; mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine; to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. Los Angeles Times, part VI, p. 5. (Viewed 30 August 2021. K01170).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1981 - article mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million, Marilyn diptych sold, by Tremaines

Saltzman, Cynthia. (31 July 1981). Meet Arnold Glimcher, who links the worlds of art and commerce [with mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]. Wall Street Journal, pp. 1, 8. (Updated 8 August 2021. K01213).

"... The Whitney Museum of American Art paid $1 million last September to acquire ’Three flags’, Jasper Johns’s lush pop-art painting of the Stars and Stripes...

[Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine] originally purchased the painting for $900 in 1959 from Leo Castelli... More recently the Tremaines have been doing business with the Pace. (After the gallery exhibited 10 pop-art paintings from the Tremaine collection last year, for example, one of them, Andy Warhol’s ’Marilyn Monroe Diptych’, was sold to the Tate Gallery for $300,000.) ... " (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - feature article - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Wilson, William. (1 October 1980). Record art sale poses question [with mention of Jasper Johns’s Three flags sold by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine to the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York]. Los Angeles Times, pp. I1 (illustrated), I4. (Viewed 31 August 2021. K01172).

"If a Jasper Johns painting can sell for $1 million, what will it cost museums to build collections of quality contemporary art? ..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - article (quiz) mention - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

(4 October 1980). Saturday news quiz; Answers to quiz [with mention of Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]. New York Times, pp. 21, 39. (Viewed 2 September 2021. Q00230; Q00236).

"Questions are based on news reports in the Times in the last week... [Question:] 19. Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine of Meriden, Conn. sold ’Three flags’ for $1 million. What is ’Three flags’?" ... [Answer:] ’The Whitney Museum of American Art purchased ’Three flags’, the Jasper Johns painting considered a precursor of the Pop Art movement." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1980 - article mention -Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine

Webb, Charles. (18 October 1980). Some other things worth saving [with brief mention: ".. In 1959, a Connecticut couple bought Jasper Johns’ ’Three flags’ for $900 and sold it for $1 million in 1980... "]. San Bernardino Sun (presumably Sunday Parade magazine supplement) (San Bernardino, CA), p. 20. (Viewed 1 September 2021. Q00094).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1983 - article mention

Hoving, Thomas. (September 1983). 101 top collectors [with mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]. Connoisseur, pp. 108-18. (Viewed 29 August 2021. K01114-17).

"... 93, Emily and Burton Tremaine ... The owners are showing signs of deaccessioning, which, if they do it right, won’t hurt— as long as the best goes public someday." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.




1985-89 text mentions

See the texts


1987 - article mention

G. G. (3 May 1987). A gallery of owners and their troves [with mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]. New York Times, p. H26. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00255).

"Every museum has a shopping list, not only of the works it wants, but of the collectors who might be persuaded to provide them...

... Emily and Burton Tremaine, New York. Treasures such as Mondrian’s ’Victory Boogie Woogie’, a tondo painting by Robert Delaunay, and works by Pablo Picasso, Franz Kline, Mark Rothko, Barnett Newman, and Jasper Johns share billing with works by younger artists, including Jean-Michel Basquiat..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1987 - obituary

Glueck, Grace. (17 December 1987). Emily Hall Tremaine, designer and collector, dies. New York Times. (Updated 15 April 2021. K00049).

"Emily Hall Tremaine, a designer and art collector, who with her husband Burton assembled one of the outstanding American holdings of 20th-century art, died yesterday at her home in Madison, Conn. ..." (Excerpt from above.)


1987 - news brief - obituary

AP (Madison, Conn). (18 December 1987). Deaths elsewhere... Emily Tremaine ["Emily Hall Tremaine, one of the first major collectors of contemporary American and European art, died Wednesday at age 79" (Excerpt in full)]. Kokomo Tribune (Kokomo, Indiana), p. 12. (Viewed 3 September 2021. Q00240).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1987 - obituary - Emily passes away

AP (Madison, Conn.) (18 December 1987). Obituaries... Emily Tremaine, art collector ["... ’Emily Tremaine is widely admired not just for her intelligence and sensibility, but equally so for her courage,’ Andrea Miller-Keller, curator of contemporary art and acting chief curator at the Wadsworth Atheneum... "]. Newsday (Long Island, New York), p. 41. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00249).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1987 - obituary - Emily passes away

AP (Madison, Conn.). (18 December 1987). Obituary: Emily Hall Tremaine. Daily News (New York), p. 92. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00248).

"... Montana-born Emily Tremaine... said in 1984 she and her husband introduced Warhol and Lichtenstein: ’At first we thought, well of course, the man who’s doing the soup cans (Warhol) must know the man who’s doing the garbage cans (Lichtenstein).’ ..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1987 - news brief mention - Emily passes away

(Presumably AP). (18 December 1987). Deaths elsewhere... Emily Hall Tremaine ["... assembled one of the outstanding American holdings of 20th-century art..."]. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, p. 12. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00250).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1987 - article mention - Emily passes away

(Presumably AP). (18 December 1987). Deaths elsewhere: ... Emily Hall Tremaine ["... assembled one of the outstanding American holdings of 20th-century art..."]. Tampa Bay Times (Florida), p. 15B. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00252).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1987 - article mention - Emily passes away

(Presumably AP). (18 December 1987). Passings... Emily Hall Tremaine, Modern art collector ["... one of the nation’s leading collectors of modern art... "]. Los Angeles Times, p. 34. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00251).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1987 - article mention - Emily passes away

(Presumably AP). (19 December 1987). Deaths elsewhere... Emily Hall Tremaine ["... one of the first major collectors of contemporary American and European art..."]. Orlando Sentinel (Florida), p. D10. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00253).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1987 - article mention - Emily passes away

(Presumably AP). (19 December 1987). Deaths elsewhere... Emily Hall Tremaine ["... one of the first major collectors of contemporary American and European art..."]. Pittsburgh Press, p. B4. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00254).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1987 - book mention, photo - Three flags sold for USD$1 million by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine (1980)

Kurtz, Bruce D. (1987). Visual imagination: An introduction to art [with mention and photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags, sold in 1980 by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine for $1 million to Whitney Museum of American Art, New York], [p. 54 (photo of artwork), fig. 3-30]. Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01153-55; K01157).

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Reif, Rita. (8 September 1988). Christie’s to auction works from two art collections [with mention: "Emily and Burton Tremaine’s postwar and modern art— are to be auctioned in November at Christie’s... 34 works from their collection..."]. New York Times, p. C20. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00739).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne. (13 September 1988). Johns, Pollock works top art cache set for auction [with mention: "Thirty-two contemporary artworks from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection will go on the auction block Nov. 9 at Christie’s New York..."]. Los Angeles Times, Part VI, pp. 1 & 3. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00740-41).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Reif, Rita. (14 September 1988). $210 million worth of art is to be auctioned. [with mention of 1988 Tremaine auction]. New York Times, p. C19. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00742).

"... Christie’s contemporary art sale begins with the sale of the postwar part of the collection formed by Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine— 32 works valued as a total of more than $20 million ..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Reif, Rita (New York Times Service). (15 September 1988). Record number of artworks on the block in New York [with mention of the sale of 32 works from the collection of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine]. Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada), p. C5. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00743).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne (Los Angeles Times). (16 September 1988). Contemporary art sale likely to set records [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. The Journal-News (Nyack, New York), p. C4. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00744-45).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne (Los Angeles Times). (17 September 1988). Major works to be sold from Tremaine collection [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Hartford Courant, Connecticut Living section, pp. G1 & G2. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00774-75).

  • See worldcat.org for possible locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Los Angeles Times. (18 September 1988). Contemporary art sale expected to set records [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. The Sun (Baltimore, MD), Arts & Entertainment section, p. 5N. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00748).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - news brief - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne (Los Angeles Times). (18 September 1988). Art auction expected to set records [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. The Courier-News (Bridgewater, NJ), p. C-6. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00746-47).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne (Los Angeles Times). (21 September 1988). Tremaine artworks auctioned [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Toronto Star (Canada), p. D4. (Viewed 3 September 2021. Q00262).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Berry, Heidi L. (29 September 1988). The laws of supply and desire; record-breaking sums are making big business take auction houses seriously [with mention of works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection]. Washington Post, Washington Home section, pp. 11-15, 19. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00758).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Voland, John. (6 October 1988). Morning report [including mention of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine Collection artworks on view at Maisonette Room, Beverly Hills Hotel, Beverly Hills, CA (c. 6-8 October 1988)]. Los Angeles Times, Part VI, p. 2. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00783-84).

"... Works from what is being called the most important group of contemporary paintings ever to come to auction will be exhibited in Los Angeles today ..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Conlon, Michael (Reuter, Chicago). (8 October 1988). Contemporary art expected to fetch record prices at Christie’s sale [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada), p. C8. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00749).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Los Angeles Times. (23 October 1988). Contemporary art on auction block [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Asbury Park Press (Asbury Park, NJ), p. E4. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00750-51).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Berry, Heidi L. (3 November 1988). Auctioning three major art collections [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Washington Post, Washington Home section, pp. 11-16. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00772-73; K00779-82).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - advertisement - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Christie’s New York (Park Avenue). (4 November 1988). Advertisement: "... Viewing this weekend; Contemporary art from the [Burton and Emily Hall] Tremaine Collection [4-9 November]. New York Times. p. C29. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00778).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Reif, Rita. (4 November 1988). Auction houses offer a century of art in 7 days of sales [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. New York Times, Weekend section, pp. C1 & C28. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00776-77).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Howells, Beverley. (6 November 1988). [Burton and Emily Hall] Tremaine collection under the hammer in New York [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned by Christie’s]. Sunday Morning Post / South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), Living section, p. 4. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00752).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

(Los Angeles Times) (New York). (9 November 1988). New York art auctions offer high-priced work [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Montreal Gazette (Canada), p. H5. (Viewed 3 September 2021. Q00263).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne. (9 November 1988). Record prices expected at N. Y. auctions [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Los Angeles Times, p. H1. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00753).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - White flag sold for $7 million

AP (New York). (10 November 1988). Painting brings $37.3m [incorrect, clarified in first sentence as $7.04m; regarding Jasper Johns’s White flag; among 32 works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. The Citizen (Auburn, New York), p. 5. (Viewed 4 September 2021. Q00271).

  • Online - fultonhistory.com. (Search the archive, "Newspaper Auburn NY Citizen Advertiser 1988 - 4544", and scroll down for the link.)

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

Lipson, Karin. (10 November 1988). Record price raised for "White flag" [Jasper Johns’s White flag; with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Newsday (Long Island, NY), p. 9. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00754-55).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne (Los Angeles Times). (10 November 1988). Records expected to fall in New York auctions [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Philadelphia Inquirer, p. 4-C. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00761).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

(New York). (10 November 1988). Johns’ painting brings record $7 million [Jasper Johns’s White flag; with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. The Journal-News (Nyack, New York), Metro section, p. B5. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00759-60).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

(10 November 1988). Christie’s sells painting by Johns for $7 million [Jasper Johns’s White flag; with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Wall Street Journal, p. 1. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00266).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

New York (Reuter). (10 November 1988). He’s waving the flag for $7.04 million [Jasper Johns’s White flag; with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Windsor Star (Windsor, Ontario, Canada), p. 1. (Viewed 3 September 2021. Q00257).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

New York (Reuter). (10 November 1988). Jasper Johns’ painting White Flag sold for record $7.04 million [with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s; "... The total sale price for the Tremaine collection was $25,824,700 with 15 records set"]. Toronto Star (Toronto, Canada), Section D, p. D1. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00762).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

(New York Times). (10 November 1988). Jasper Johns’s painting fetches record $7 million [White flag; with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s for $25.8 million previous evening, "tripling the record for a single owner’s contemporary art collection"]. Montreal Gazette (Canada), p. C13. (Viewed 3 September 2021. Q00264).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

Reif, Rita. (10 November 1988). Johns’s ’White flag’ is sold for record price [in hard copy article, photo of Jasper Johns’s White flag; with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. New York Times, p. C26. (Updated 2 September 2021. H00524; K00737).

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

Rizzo, Frank. (10 November 1988). Madison couple’s "White flag" brings banner price at auction [with photo of Jasper Johns’s White flag; with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Hartford Courant, p. A4. (Viewed 4 September 2021. K00623).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Tully, Judd (Special, New York, Nov. 9). (10 November 1988). $37 million contemporary art sale [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Washington Post, Style section, pp. B1 & B20. (Viewed 4 September 2021. K00763-64).

"... The Tremaines bought early and in depth, often straight out of the artist’s studios, especially the work of pop artists who— in the early 1960s— were still unknown..." (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Los Angeles Times (New York). (11 November 1988). More art records tumble, painting nets $17 million [focus on Ganz auction, but with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s previous evening]. Windsor Star (Windsor, Ontario, Canada), p. D11. (Viewed 13 September 2021. Q00267).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne. (11 November 1988). Record-setting sales kick off art auction [with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Los Angeles Times, Part IV, pp. 1 & 15. (Viewed 4 September 2021. K00756-57).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Muchnic, Suzanne (Los Angeles Times). (11 November 1988). Record prices expected at auctions [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s, "the finest group of contemporary art ever to appear at auction"...]. Press & Sun Bulletin (Binghamton, NY), p. 6D. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00766-67).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article - White flag sold for $7 million

Reuters (New York). (11 November 1988). Record [CDN]$8.65 million for Johns painting [with mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection]. Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada). (Viewed 3 September 2021. Q00258).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - news brief - auction of selected Tremaine artworks

Unknown wire service. (11 November 1988). People in the news [mention of works auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s, and new record for artist, Jasper Johns, a day after at Sotheby’s presumably]. Hartford Courant, p. A2. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00765).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - news brief - White flag sold for $7 million

Associated Press (New York). (12 November 1988). Johns’ painting sets new high for living artist [with mention of 32 works to be auctioned from the Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine collection by Christie’s]. Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, NY), p. 5C. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00768).

  • See worldcat.org for locations, or contact area public library.

1988 - article mention

Reif, Rita. (16 November 1988). Choppy night at Christie’s: Records and failures [mention: "two works from the collection of Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine were sold... Alberto Giacometti’, ’Man who walks against the rain’... Joan Miro’s ’Women in the night’..."]. New York Times, p. C22. (Viewed 4 September 2021. K00771).

  • See worldcat.org for locations.

1988 - article mention

Glueck, Grace. (26 November 1988). The mania of art auctions: Problems as well as profits [with mention of Burton and Emily Tremaine collection and its recent auction of selected artworks, including specific mention of Lichtenstein’s I can see the whole room... and a painting by Tom Wesselmann]. New York Times, pp. 1 & 15. (Viewed 3 September 2021. K00770).

"The effect of the huge prices paid at this month’s art auctions are reverberating through the art world... " (Excerpt from above.)


  • See worldcat.org for locations.




1990s text mentions

See the texts


1991 - obituary - Burton Tremaine passes away

Fowler, Glenn. (27 March 1991). Burton G. Tremaine, executive, 89, dies; a collector of art. New York Times. (Viewed 24 February 2019. K00048).

"... Mr. Tremaine and his wife, Emily Hall Tremaine, began collecting art [in 1944]. By the early 1980’s the Tremaine collection had grown to more than 400 works by Europeans and American artists... In 1980, the Tremaines sold ’Three flags’, an early painting by Jasper Johns, to the Whitney Museum for $1 million..." (Excerpt from above.)


1991 - spotlighted wire service article - second Tremaine auction

Kennedy, Dana (New York). (6 November 1991). Fall art auctions kick off with Modern art from Tremaine Collection. Associated Press wire. (Viewed 12 September 2021. Q00341).

"... Part of the [Burton and Emily Hall] Tremaine collection was put on the auction block Tuesday night; the rest will be auctioned during the next two weeks during the big fall art auctions... " (Excerpt from above.)




1991 - feature article - second Tremaine auction

Reif, Rita. (7 June 1991). 50 paintings to be sold from Tremaine estate. New York Times, p. C3. (Updated 29 August 2021. H00525; K00738).

"... The Tremaine collection is being sold from the estate of Mr. Tremaine, who died on March 23 at the age of 89. He was chairman emeritus of the Miller Company of Meriden, Conn., a manufacturer of sheet metal products and lighting fixtures. [Emily Hall Tremaine], a designer, died in 1987 ..." (Excerpt from above.)


1995 - test preparation book mention, photo

Sia, Archibald et al. (1995). MSAT (Multiple Subject Assessment for Teachers) [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Jasper Johns], pp. 362 (photo of artwork). [Presumably, this was arranged long-term pre-1980, when artwork was sold, as photo credit is to "Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT."] Research & Education Association: Piscataway, NJ. (Viewed 2 September 2021. Q00229).




2000s text mentions

See the texts


2001 - book mention, photo

(2001). The best test preparation for the NYSTCE (New York State Teacher Certification Examinations) [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Jasper Johns], pp. 325-26 (photo of artwork). [Presumably, this was arranged long-term pre-1980, when artwork was sold, as photo credit is to "Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT."] Research & Education Association: Piscataway, NJ. (Viewed 1 September 2021. K01001-04).

2005 - test preparation book mention, photo

DenBeste, Michelle et al. (2005). The best teachers’ test preparation for the CSET multiple subjects (California Subject Examination for Teachers) [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Jasper Johns], [pp. 367-368 (with photo of artwork)]. [Presumably, this was arranged long-term pre-1980, when artwork was sold, as photo credit is to "Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT."] Research & Education Association: Piscataway, NJ. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00993-96).

2008 - test preparation book mention, photo

Charney, Jean O. et al. (2008). The best teachers’ test preparation for the CSET multiple subjects plus writing skills (California Subject Examination for Teachers) [with photo of Jasper Johns’s Three flags and mention of Jasper Johns], 2nd ed., [pp. 367-68 (photo of artwork)]. [Presumably, this was arranged long-term pre-1980, when artwork was sold, as photo credit is to "Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT."] Research & Education Association: Piscataway, NJ. (Viewed 2 September 2021. K00997-1000).




2010s text mentions

See the texts


2017 - feature article - Emily and Painting toward architecture

Preece, Robert. (July / August 2017). Rethinking "Painting toward architecture" (1947-52). Sculpture magazine, pp. 18-21. (Viewed 28 August 2021. K01311).

"Emily Hall Tremaine and her husband, Burton, the CEO and owner of the Miller Company in Meriden, Connecticut, are mostly remembered as collectors of cutting-edge 1960s art and for the prices commanded when some of their works were sold at auction in 1988 and 1991. But [in c. 1945-55], Mrs. Tremaine was the art director of the company, and she organized a traveling exhibition, “Painting Toward Architecture”, for the developing Miller Company Collection of Abstract Art. The show, which featured some of the biggest names in modern art and architecture, was seen in [28(+) venues] across the U.S. between 1947 and 1952. Combining experimental art and design crossovers, it also achieved a very sophisticated fusion of art, design, and publicity. The show and related initiatives were dynamic, pioneering, and entrepreneurial.." (Excerpt from above.)





2020s text mentions

See the texts


2020 - article mention

Adam, Georgina. (7 February 2020). Call me Aggie: The legendary collector making a difference [feature on Agnes Gund with mention of Emily Hall Tremaine]. Financial Times. (Viewed 29 August 2021. K01184).

"... In 1967, aged 29, [Agnes Gund] joined the International Council of MoMA in New York, with the encouragement of art collectors including Emily Tremaine, Ginny Wright and Katherine White.

Gund first saw the work of Mark Rothko on Tremaine’s walls, and bought a key piece from the artist’s studio..."... (Excerpt from above.)


2021 - article mention

Sheets, Hilarie M. (24 March 2021). Agnes Gund, patron and advocate for underknown artists: "We’ve caught up with Aggie to some degree" [with mention of Emily Hall Tremaine as early mentor]. ARTnews. (Viewed 12 September 2021. Q00339).

"... Through the collector Emily Hall Tremaine, Gund’s early mentor in the museum world, she had the opportunity to buy all of Ben Heller’s phenomenal Abstract Expressionist collection..." (Excerpt from above.)


2021 - article context (clarification) - Three flags in forthcoming Johns retrospective (NY / PHL)

Mooallem, Stephen. (13 September 2021). The meaning of Jasper Johns; For decades, people have tried to get inside the mind of one of America’s most visionary, enigmatic artists. Now, they finally get their chance [with mention of Johns’s Three flags and forthcoming retrospective]. Harper’s Bazaar magazine. (Viewed 15 September 2021. Q00375).

" ... While Johns’s popularity has waxed and waned, the market for his work has not. In 1980, the Whitney purchased Johns’s Three Flags for $1 million [from Burton and Emily Hall Tremaine], then a record price for the work of a living artist.... In 1988... [White flag (1958)] was auctioned [by Burton Tremaine after Emily’s death] ... which went for $7 million..." (Excerpt from above.)





H. Regarding the Emily Hall Tremaine papers at the Smithsonian

The initial, proposed, no. 1 external action by artdesigncafe for the legacy of Emily’s work was the digitization of the Emily Hall Tremaine papers at the Smithsonian, donated in 2005. In this way, researchers would have timely, cost-effective access to the important, surviving documentation that Emily kept regarding hundreds of artworks, particularly regarding purchases and extensive lending for exhibitions and facilitating artwork inclusion in numerous and varied publications. The papers went online in c. January 2020 for the public.


Read more, see resources


However, upon review, it became clear that the organization of the papers faced several key challenges and a far more thorough finding aid was needed for far more effective, timely dissemination of important information. So, progress is halfway there. In the meantime, researchers are welcome to contact artdesigncafe for advice on where to find specific documentation. Please note, at this juncture, it can take considerable time, but surprising research jewels are in there. Also note, at times documentation was added to the papers after 1987 when Emily died and at times may require additional confirmation.


H.1: Emily Hall Tremaine papers, 1890-2000, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

H.2: Emily Hall Tremaine Papers at the Smithsonian, reproduction permissions section: Shortlisted guide to artworks. (In development; this guide will save some researchers significant time.)



I. Mystery, danger & misunderstandings: Emily Hall Tremaine in the 1930s

artdesigncafe.com maintains a growing offline archive of materials, over 3500 sources to date, related to Emily Hall Tremaine’s work and life prior to 1945, mainly in Southern California. Please note there are factual errors in her history, absence of important contexts, and a number of misunderstandings as shown in the accumulated factual documentation.


Read more, see resources


Emily Hall Tremaine’s 1930s are complicated with varying factors that require the utmost care and sensitivity. For example, do you know about Elza Chancellor, Georg Gyssling (cleared at Nuremberg), Emily’s brother-in-law (Assistant to the Assistant Secretary to the Navy), and Barbara Hudnut and her Asst. District Attorney husband— all in relation to Emily? Have you looked closely at Apéritif and the contributors? Do you know Max’s surprising history in Germany, the US, and Switzerland before he married Emily? And do you know about Adolph B., his mother Alma, and the Hotel del Coronado next to the naval base? If not, then there is a great deal to be learned. Researchers and journalists with specific queries are welcome to contact R. J. Preece at artdesigncafe directly.

While a forthcoming book Surviving California is planned, key documentation can be made available in the interim to help provide the most accurate record available at this juncture in varying layered and complicated contexts. There are a wide range of surprises. We need to keep an open mind until a far fuller set of facts are in and made public.

In the meantime, please refer to the following:

I.1: Essay: "The depiction of Andy Warhol’s Marilyn Diptych as autobiographical for Emily Hall Tremaine". (Scroll down to the essay.)

I.2: Apéritif magazine (1934-36) - issues, contents and media coverage.

I.3: New discoveries: Emily Spreckels, Adolph B. Spreckels, Jr., Brünninghausen and more.

I.4: New discoveries: Emily von Romberg, Max von Romberg, Brünninghausen and more.


Additionally, the following mentions / contexts may be of interest:

I.5. Slingshot to contemporary #1: Emily to Sensation (1997): The show that got people talking. (Scroll down to the essay.)

I.6. Slingshot to contemporary #2: Emily to Damien Hirst’s diamond skull (2007). (Scroll down to the essay.)

I.7. Slingshot to contemporary #3: Emily to Tracey Emin’s art, artist and media coverage (Focus on My bed). (Scroll down to the essay.)



J. Emily and fashion design over the years

Another area under historical dust concerns Emily’s interest in fashion design over six decades. Numerous designs were donated to the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, but it is understood that most of the designs have yet to be fully processed. Additional donated designs have been identified in the collections of the Phoenix Art Museum, Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York. Some of the designs have been featured in fashion exhibitions at museums.


Read more


Emily and fashion over the years is a completely unexplored research area— and another research opportunity. Some designs in museums are listed below in the extensive art and design compilation. (Search "fashion" on the page.) Please note that the very limited number of photos of known designs, and photos of Emily in the fashion press and society news in the 1930s, were informally reviewed by a fashion design historian colleague at artdesigncafe in 2019. The assessment was that the designs were "solid Vogue wear", in other words, designs that would have been seen in Vogue over the years.



K. Developing list of artworks in the former collection and related designs

The following developing compilation of artworks and designs relate to the former Tremaine Collection and Miller Company Collection of Abstract Art. Click the following works listed below to see articles and documentation concerning the works and their connections to the collections. (In total, the number of works of art was over 700, including those related to the Tremaines in some way, and the number of designs has not yet been determined. By c. 2019, artdesigncafe created a working list of the Tremaine work; a definitive list is still in development.)


"Throughout history the same historical circumstances that have produced great artists have also produced great patrons and collectors, and the Tremaine Collection— taken as a whole— can in itself be seen as an artistic creation of the first magnitude." [Gregory Hedberg in "The history of the Tremaine Collection", p. 23. In The Tremaine Collection: 20th century masters: The spirit of Modernism (1984). Catalogue accompanying the exhibition.]


Spotlighted artists’ and designers’ work with Tremaine contexts:

K.1. Theo van Doesburg. Space-time construction #3, (1923).

K.2. Jasper Johns. Three flags, (1958).

K.3. Piet Mondrian. Victory Boogie Woogie (1942-44).

K.4. Oscar Niemeyer. Beach House for Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, project, Carpinteria, California (maquette, drawings, and collage with Burle Marx), (1947-48). (Unbuilt).

K.5. Andy Warhol. A boy for Meg, (1962).

K.6. Andy Warhol (with EHT). Marilyn Monroe diptych, (1962).

K.7. Frank Lloyd Wright. Architectural design (drawings) for Meteor Crater, AZ (1947-49; unbuilt).