Bradley & Hubbard (Meriden, CT) - historical design catalogues and other primary source information (2016)

An artdesigncafe / Design Meriden resource.


Bradley & Hubbard (active 1854-1940): Design catalogues, other historical documentation, and key secondary sources [1]

Introduction, c. 1893

"BRADLEY & HUBBARD MANUFACTURING CO., Meriden, Conn.
Gas Fixtures at Manufacturers’ Prices. Oil Fixtures, Extension Chandeliers, Library and Hall Lamps, Table, Banquet and Extension Piano Lamps, Bronze and Brass Ornaments, Figures, Tables, Fireplace Furniture, Easels, Pitchers, etc. Manufacturers of "The B. & H." Central Draught Lamp. It is perfect in every respect; the best Central Draught Lamp yet produced. Salesrooms: New York, 26 Park Place; Boston, 184 Franklin St.; Chicago, 88 Wabash St.; and at Factories, Hanover St. President, Walter Hubbard; Treasurer, N.L. Bradley; Secretary, C.F. Linsley."


— D.H. Hurd & Co. (1893). “Bradley & Hubbard Manufacturing Co.”, p. 211. In Town and city atlas of the State of Connecticut. Compiled from government surveys, county records and personal investigations. Boston, MA; 223 pp. Courtesy, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. Viewed 12 March 2016. [A00057a/b]


A. Bradley & Hubbard design catalogues & other selected primary sources


Bradley & Hubbard. (1870?). [Catalogue]. 32 pp. Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, bib ID 67935. Viewed 31 July 2016. [A01114]

Bradley & Hubbard. (1873). Illustrated catalogue of kerosene fixtures : bronze lamps, figures, patent call bells, spring tape measures, sewing birds, bronze goods, etc., etc. 92 pp. Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, microfilm, call no. R-861; American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA, call no. Trade Cats. B 1873. [AAS original is missing pp. 9-12, 17-20, 29-32, 35-40, 53-60, 69-74, 85-86.] (Copy in the Design Meriden / artdesigncafe library - offline.) Viewed 31 July 2016. [A01115-16; AAA00110]


Bradley & Hubbard. (After 1876). Specimen of sheets of bronzed and ornaments. Meriden, CT, number of pages unknown. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession no.: 53.595.4. [A00049]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1877-78). Illustrated catalogue of the Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co. kerosene fixtures, bronze lamps. Meriden, CT, number of pages unknown. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession no.: 57.508. [A00050]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1877-78). Illustrated catalogue of kerosene fixtures, lamps, etc. Meriden, CT, number of pages unknown. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession no.: 53.595.2. [A00051]

Westland Safety Lamp Co. (1881). Distributor brochure featuring products by Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co., Meriden Malleable Iron Co., Meriden Flint Glass Co., and E. Miller & Co. Providence, RI, 10 pp. Courtesy Winterthur Museum, Wilmington, Delaware / Supported by Design Meriden. Viewed 10 March 2016. [A00010; A00717]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1883). Illustrated wholesale price list, call bells, clocks, [etc., etc.]. Meriden Historical Society, Meriden, CT - offline. [A00146]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1883-84). Illustrated catalogue of kerosene fixtures, bronze stand lamps, clocks, call bells [etc.] Meriden, CT; 231 pp. The Henry Ford, Dearborn, MI, call no. X.P.B. 1883-1884. [A00053]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1885). The B&H piano lamps have the simplest and most perfect extension ever made. Meriden, CT; 4 pp. Atheneum of Philadelphia, barcode no. 31814000439650. [A00054]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1885). Illustrated catalogue, no. 29, of bronze metal parlor lamps with detachable seamless metal founts. Meriden, CT, number of pages unknown. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession no. 53.595.3. [A00055]

Bradley & Hubbard. (1885). Illustrations of polished brass library and hall lamps. Rich gold metal [catalogue no. 30]. Meriden, CT; 68 pp. Meriden Public Library, Meriden, CT - offline. Viewed 9 May 2016. (Copy in the offline Design Meriden / artdesigncafe library.) [AAA00016]

Bradley & Hubbard. (188?). Bronze inkstands, call bells, tape measures, etc., etc. [catalogue no. 6090]. 80 pp. Courtesy of University of Virginia / Sponsored by The Bradford Family / Supported by Design Meriden. (Copy in the Design Meriden / artdesigncafe offline library.) Viewed 16 June 2016. [A00052; A00857; AAA00017] [2]

Bradley & Hubbard. (1888). Illustration and prices of decorated and bronzed metal table lamps [catalogue no. 46]. [c. 1995 reprint; Historical Lighting Society, Toronto, ON], 36 pages. Smithsonian Institution barcode no. 39088008134249; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, call no Pr St Rm - Trd Cats; Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, call no. TH7967 .B81 1888r; University of Toronto call no. 749.63029 B67 B67; The Strong, National Museum of Play, Rochester, NY call no. TH7967.B6877 I45 1995. (Also see worldcat.org for more locations.) Viewed 14 June 2016. [A00808-12]

Bradley & Hubbard. (1889). Illustrations and prices of polished brass and polished bronze library lamps, hall lamps and pendants, with the celebrated B. & H. burner, the best in the world. No. 56., 61 pp. The Henry Ford call no. X.P.B. 1889. [A00170]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1889-92). Cigar lighters [catalogue #59]. Number of pages unknown. No surviving copy known to exist. (This catalogue is listed in 1892-93 B&H catalogue #75, see below.) Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00672]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1889-92). Inkstands [catalogue #64]. Number of pages unknown. No surviving copy known to exist. (This catalogue is listed in 1892-93 B&H catalogue #75, see below.) Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00672]


Bradley & Hubbard. (ca. 1891-92). Illustrations and list prices of “The B&H lamps” for piano, banquet and table [catalogue #68]. 94 pp. [Illustrations cut out of page 4, 11 ,52 ,80 ,83.] The Henry Ford, Dearborn, MI, call no. X.P.B. 1891-92. [A00056]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1891-92 - 1892-93). Call bells [catalogue #69]. Number of pages unknown. No surviving copy known to exist. (This catalogue is listed in 1892-93 B&H catalogue #75, see below.) Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00672]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1891-92 - 1892-93). Bronzed iron oil fixtures [catalogue #70]. Number of pages unknown. No surviving copy known to exist. (This catalogue is listed in 1892-93 B&H catalogue #75, see below.) Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00672]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1891-92 - 1892-93). Fenders, andirons, fire sets, etc. [catalogue #71]. Number of pages unknown. No surviving copy known to exist. (This catalogue is listed in 1892-93 B&H catalogue #75, see below.) Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00672]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1891-92 - 1892-93). Brass, oil chandeliers, brackets, etc. [catalogue #72]. Number of pages unknown. No surviving copy known to exist. (This catalogue is listed in 1892-93 B&H catalogue #75, see below.) Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00672]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1891-92 - 1892-93). Decorated table lamps [catalogue #73]. Number of pages unknown. No surviving copy known to exist. (This is catalogue listed in 1892-93 B&H catalogue #75, see below.) Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00672]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1891-92 - 1892-93). Brass library and hall lamps and pendants [catalogue #74]. Number of pages unknown. No surviving copy known to exist. (This catalogue is listed in 1892-93 B&H catalogue #75, see below.) Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00672]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1892-93). Illustrations and prices of the B & H lamps: piano, banquet and table [catalogue #75]. 97 pp. Art Institute of Chicago call no. NK8438 .B73 1892. (Copy in the Design Meriden / artdesigncafe offline library). Viewed 18 May 2016. [A00482; A00672]

Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1892-93 or after). Gas and electric light fixtures [catalogue #76]. Approx 72 pp. ("Missing plates 1, 3, 8, 16-17, 25-26, 28-31, 43, 45, 47-48; plates 62-63 have clippings taken out." Some pages show content from another source.) Courtesy Connecticut State Library, Hartford. Viewed 24 July 2016. [A00672; A01098; AAA00040]

Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1896-1900). A few words about the celebrated B & H lamps. 53 pp. Courtesy Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, CT / supported by Design Meriden. Viewed 31 May 2016. [C00004; A00483-84; A00727] [3]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1902). Brass and bronzed iron library lamps, hall lamps and pendants Catalogue no. 120, 1902-1903. Smithsonian, Washington, DC - NMAH Domestic Life, barcode 39088003883634. [A00064]

Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1904). The Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co.: Designers and makers of electric, gas and oil lighting fixtures, art metal goods, desk sets, stationery goods, smokers’ sets, cigar boxes and jars, candlesticks, etc., andirons, fenders, fire sets, etc. 24 pp. [Reprint Rushlight Club, c. 1993] Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, call no. TH7967.B81 1904r & Lighting: Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co., Meriden, CT, USA (F-18265LG); The Henry Ford call no. P.B. ca. 1905; Royal Ontario Museum call no. NK2115.5 .L5 B72 1993. Viewed 31 July 2016. [A01118-20]


Bradley & Hubbard (c. 1905). Designers and makers of electric, gas and oil lighting fixtures, art metal goods, desk sets, stationery goods, smokers’ sets, cigar boxes and jars, candlesticks, etc., andirons, fenders, fire sets, etc. [1993 reprint, Rushlight Club]. 24 pp. The Henry Ford, call no. P.B. ca. 1905. Viewed 31 July 2016. [A01121]

Bradley & Hubbard. (1912?). Electric lighting fixtures. Meriden, CT, number of pages unknown. Connecticut Historical Society, call no. QUARTO 749.63 B811c, No. 173. [A00058]

Bradley & Hubbard. (1912). Wholesale net prices: electric lighting fixtures illustrated in catalogue no. 173. [no illustrations]. Meriden, CT, 20 pp. Connecticut Historical Society, call no. QUARTO 749.63 B811p, 1912. (Also, see Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY call no. "Bradley & Hubbard Manufacturing Company", with more documentation.) [A00062; A00063]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1918). Rayo Lanterns. 28 pp. University of California, Santa Barbara - Special Coll., Romaine Trade Catalogs, Box 2, Folder 1. Viewed 19 July 2016. [AAA00032-02]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1920). B&H table lamps (price list). 1 page. University of California, Santa Barbara, Special Coll., Romaine Trade Catalogs, Box 2, Folder 1 - offline. Viewed 19 July 2016. [AAA00032-25; A01059]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1920). [Price list]. 1 page. University of California, Santa Barbara, Special Coll., Romaine Trade Catalogs, Box 2, Folder 1 - offline. Viewed 19 July 2016. [AAA00032-24; A01059]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1924). “Electric lamps” [catalogue no. 202]. 53 pp. Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, bib. ID 45852, call no. Bradley & Hubbard Manufacturing Company. Viewed 29 April 2016. [A00477]


Bradley & Hubbard. (c. 1927). Rayo lamps / for sale by the Atlantic Refining Company. 32 pp. (“These lamps were probably made by the Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co., Meriden CT.” Reprint. Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, call no. TH7967 .A88 [1927]r. Viewed 7 May 2016. [A00605]


Bradley & Hubbard. (1934). Distinctive metalware for home and office [Reprint 199?]. 48 pp. Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, call no. TH7967 .B81 1934r; Meriden Public Library – offline. Viewed 7 May 2016. [A00604]


Charles Parker Company, Bradley & Hubbard Division. (c. 1940). Brochure with Rayo lamp. Number of pages unknown. No copy in a lending library known to exist. Viewed 23 July 2016. [AAA00038].

Charles Parker Company, Bradley & Hubbard Division. (c. 1940). One reprinted page from brochure with Rayo lamp (c. 1940). In The Parker Story (p. 933), (c. 1998-2000), The Parker Story Joint Venture Group. Meriden Public Library call no. R 683.4 PA V. 1 & V.2. (See worldcat.org for other locations.) (Copy in Design Meriden / artdesigncafe library offline.) Viewed 23 July 2016. [AAA00038; A00650].



B. Other Bradley & Hubbard historical documentation

Bishop, J. Leander. (1868). "Manufactures in Meriden" (mentions Bradley & Hubbard), (pp. 424-26). A history of American manufactures from 1608-1860 (3rd edition, revised and enlarged). 643 pp. Philadelphia: Edward Young & Co. Courtesy of University of Michigan Viewed 15 June 2016. [A00816-18]

O.H. Bailey & Co. (1875). City of Meriden, Conn. 1875: [birds eye view]. Boston. [1 print; lithograph, 55 x 67 cm]. [“View of Meriden Conn. with fifty-eight public buildings, churches, businesses and factories identified at foot." Includes the Bradley & Hubbard Manufacturing Co.]. Courtesy Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford. Viewed 24 July 2016. [A00048; A01099]

Sweetser, Moses Forster. (1891). On the Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co. in Meriden, CT, and illustration (pp 134-5) (direct to pdf). In King’s Hand-book of the United States planned and edited by M. King. [Text by M. F. Sweetser ... Illustrations, etc.] London; Buffalo [printed] Osgood, McIlvaine & Co. Courtesy British Library, London [UIN no. BLL01014841377]. Viewed 13 March 2016. [A00090-92]

Hall, Henry. (1895). “Nathaniel Lyman Bradley”, co-founder, Bradley & Hubbard, with illustration (pp. 106-10). In America’s successful men of affairs. An encyclopedia of contemporaneous biography (vol II). The New York Tribune; 1074 pp. Courtesy University of California, Berkeley. Viewed 12 March 2016. [A00065; A00066a-c]

Hall, Henry. (1895). “Walter Hubbard”, co-founder, Bradley & Hubbard (pp. 414-15). In America’s successful men of affairs. An encyclopedia of contemporaneous biography (vol II). The New York Tribune; 1074 pp. Courtesy University of California, Berkeley. Viewed 12 March 2016. [A00067; A00068]

(c. 1911). Meriden Illustrated. [Illustration of B&H, p. 7.] William S. Kline & Company: Kinderhook, NY. 30 pp. Courtesy Connecticut State Library, Hartford, CT. Viewed 1 August 2016. [A00781; A01122]

(1918). Aero view of Meriden, Connecticut. [Including illustration of Bradley & Hubbard.] Hughes & Bailey: Boston. Courtesy Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Viewed 19 July 2016. [A01020-21] (For more maps, see the historical Meriden maps webpage.)

Charles Parker Co. (c. 1945). An account of the past and the present activities of the Charles Parker Company and the Bradley & Hubbard Division. 28 pp. unnumbered. Meriden, CT. New York Historical Society call no TS400 .C53 1945. Viewed 29 April 2016. (Copy in the offline Design Meriden / artdesigncafe library.) [A00480; AAA00015]

Bradley & Hubbard. 20 images / photos – lighting. [including nos. 85; 87; 194; 383; 446; 6900; 27400 and 27401 ½ Rayo pendant lamps; 29422 37265]. University of California, Santa Barbara, Special Coll., Romaine Trade Catalogs, Box 2, Folder 1 - offline. Viewed 19 July 2016. [A00032-03(-07); A00032-22(-23)]

Bradley & Hubbard. (undated). 238 B&H patents. Compiled by Richard Stamm, Smithsonian, Washington, DC. Smithsonian. Type "D" into the keyword to see all of the patents in a list. Viewed 10 March 2016. (Also, for patent #914.804, 9 March 1909, Rueben F. Crooke, see here.) [A00059; A00146]


Bradley & Hubbard. (undated). 89 B&H patents (bottom of the page). Thelampworks website. Viewed 10 March 2016. [A00060]


Bradley & Hubbard. (undated). B & H marks. Compiled by Richard Stamm, Smithsonian, Washington, DC. Smithsonian. Viewed 10 March 2016. [A00061]


C. Bradley & Hubbard - key secondary sources


Preece, Robert. (22 February 2016). "Bradley & Hubbard crisis state: Too much of their design history is missing (Interview of Richard Stamm, curator, Smithsonian Institution)". Design Meriden at artdesigncafe.com, 1(1).

D’Ambrosio, Anna Tobin. (2005). Brass Menagerie: Metalwork of the Aesthetic Movement (Catalog of exhibition held at Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute, Utica, NY, 2 Oct 2005 - 19 Mar 2006). ISBN: 0915895293. Includes "Bradley & Hubbard Manufacturing Company", section pp. 33-41: "one of the best known names for late nineteenth century lighting and household metal goods". (Copy of section in Design Meriden / artdesigncafe library offline.) Viewed 25 June 2016. [A00962-63]

LeCleire Taylor, Gay. (1997). Slivers of light: Rich cut oil lamps (exhibition catalogue). Museum of American Glass, Millville, NJ. 12 pp. [Including designs by the J. D. Bergen Co.; burners / oil pots included in glass designs by Bradley & Hubbard and Edward Miller & Co.] Viewed 8 June 2016. (Copy in the offline Design Meriden / artdesigncafe library.) [A00757-58]

Stamm, Richard. (1996). "The Bradley and Hubbard Manufacturing Company and the merchandising of the Arts and Crafts Movement in America" (pp. 183-98). In The substance of style: Perspectives on the American Arts and Crafts Movement, Bert Decker, (Ed.). Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum: Winterthur, DE, 469 pp. ISBN 0912724331. (And other locations.) Viewed 15 March 2016. [A00102]



Footnotes:
[1] Regarding "active 1854-1940", see D’Ambrosio, Anna Tobin. (2005). Brass menagerie: Metalwork of the aesthetic movement. Utica, NY: Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute. (ISBN: 0915895293), page 33. [A00692]

[2] After close review, curator Richard Stamm estimates this catalogue to be dated mid-to-late 1880s (16 MAY 2016). [A00669]

[3] Richard Stamm estimates the publication year as 1896-1900 based on patent information. Also, this brochure is an extended version of the one with the same name that is 27 pages, which has the illustrations but not as much text. [A00728]



DESIGN MERIDEN:
On Bradley & Hubbard - 1: designs in collections, etc. | 2: design catalogues, etc.


This compilation is currently in development. We are compiling scattered resources across North America and beyond with the goal of identifying a complete set. This initiative aims to enable more productive research and facilitate new discoveries. If you know of original documentation not listed below, please contact artdesigncafe.